Model Of Counselling

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Model Of Counselling

Model Of Counselling


Counselling is an established profession in which a trained counsellor seeks to enable a client to understand and learn to deal with a wide variety of issues in their life. These could be current problems, immediate crisis, or long-term difficulties. It is different from teaching, caring and advice giving, and requires a particular kind of training.



A counsellor usually meets with a client/patient either within the context of an agency (e.g. addiction counselling, bereavement counselling), the NHS (e.g. in a surgery), in a corporate environment (e.g. Employee Assistance Programme), in education, prisons or privately. The client usually brings a 'problem' such as stress, depression, anxiety, addiction, relationship difficulties, a general sense of unhappiness and many more reasons. Through listening, establishing a good relationship, and asking particular questions, the counsellor will aim to help the client understand and resolve or better deal with their difficulties, by encouraging the client to explore these difficulties and possible resolutions. A counsellor usually abides by ethical guidelines and encourages the client's autonomy. There is a whole range of theoretical approaches to counselling, and each form the basis of a particular focus in terms of training and techniques used by the counsellor. For example, a cognitive-behavioural counsellor works in a more directive way (giving the client homework) than a Rogerian counsellor. Although there are differences between the approaches, essentially it is the therapeutic relationship that is most important to the process. Also many more therapists now work in an integrative way, and the delineation between the approaches is not always clear-cut. In the context of counseling, connection is the measure by which two persons assess each other's self worth It is the proficiency to apparently state demands, versus hinting or anticipating the listener to brain read. Despite our aim on the phrases themselves, it is a astonishing detail that our mind-set are expressed mainly through facial signs and capacity, throw and intonation of voice.

Psychodynamic Approaches to Counselling

Due to the complexity of counselling there are many different approaches to supporting a client through the counselling process. This can depend on the style of additional support used or the individual exercises and teachings a counsellor demonstrates during the one-to-one counselling sessions. A psychodynamic approach provides a broad range of therapeutic approaches.

Basic Background

Psychodynamic therapy helps counselling clients understand the root cause of their problems and issues. It also helps equip them with knowledge and suggestions to enable them to cope with further difficulties. With a strong emphasis on the trust between a client and counsellor or psychotherapist, psychodynamic therapy provides the tools required to make progress.

This form of counselling has roots in the theories of Sigmund Freud, and was initially developed in the 1940s. His studies focused on the belief that our emotions, thoughts and behaviour stem from the unacceptable thoughts from your childhood that we allow to influence our current thinking. These repressed thoughts and feelings eventually manifest as depression, fears and ...
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