Modernist Primitivism And Feminist Perspective On Early 20th Century Avant-Gardism

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Modernist Primitivism and Feminist Perspective on Early 20th Century Avant-Gardism

Dusty Mannequins: Modern Art and Primitivism

Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, remember, have nothing to do with the Cité de Papes and even less with ladies. They were prostitutes in a brothel Carrer d'Avinyo, a street of old Barcelona, ??Picasso's neighbor where he lived before his arrival in France. He had called his painting "The brothel in Avignon", a title that changed several times. The extraordinary picture that Picasso worked in his studio in the Bateau-Lavoir in 1907 had a prodigious effect on the environment, immersing his friends on the astonishment, even dismay.

The scandals were frightening for Picasso that caused his "big picture" (2.44 mx 2.34 m), despite the unwavering support of the poet Guillaume Apollinaire, who refused to show for years, content to carry from one to another of his workshops. "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon" made their first public appearance in July 1916 during an exhibition in the halls of the couturier Paul Poiret by the poet and critic André Salmon, who gave the final name to the picture (Ratnam Pp. 157).

The photographic reproduction of the painting first appeared in a number of "Surrealist Revolution" in July 1925. Doucet, who bought at the same time two other works "somewhat scandalous" (a sketch of Matisse and Seurat) thought that at least "do not have in America." However, the girls traveled to America and sold after his death in 1937 at MOMA. They returned to France on four occasions in 1953, 1960, 1966 and 1988, never to return again.

While Picasso painted the Demoiselles, it was astonishing for him to see the Ethnographic Museum in Trocadero in Paris, Oceanic and African arts and changed three characters in its composition, despite his famous phrase "black art? I do not know”. Later explain the writer and culture minister André Malraux that "Demoiselles d'Avignon had to come that day, but at all their forms, but because it was my first fabric Exorcist." The painter struck a year earlier by the sculptures of Iberian art V century BC in the Louvre, in 1905. This Iberian influence also played a role in the development of Cubism (Antliff Pp. 84).


Primitivism is one of the constituent aspects of modern art, although their importance has not been sufficiently considered. This project aims to investigate the redevelopment of the "primitive" which takes place in modern art, beginning in the nineteenth century and dramatically accentuating with the avant-garde of the twentieth century. Few twentieth-century artistic movements that have escaped this influence, and its reference to "primitive" is stylistic definition elements themselves and critique their own European tradition, grounded in classical theory-naturalist art.

Throughout the contemporary primitivism has gone through several phases:

A formal influence on artists of the early twentieth century, referring to the objects of primitive art, by carrying out a formal language is not mimetic, synthetic and abstract;

An interest in the presence of myth and ritual in relation to art, dreams and the unconscious, mainly from surrealism and subsequent movements of their influence and nourished

An interest ...
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