National Security, Terrorism And The Rule Of Law

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National Security, Terrorism and the Rule of Law

National Security, Terrorism and the Rule of Law

The issues of terrorism are multiple and complex. The victims' lives are forever changed by terrorism. It is not just the immediate victims and their close relatives are affected, one day, blue by terrorism, but also society in general. (Abrahms 2008)

Socio-psychological impacts can transform society affected by terrorist activities in various forms, such as the restriction on personal freedom or privacy. Outrage tends to give in to emotional reactions. Although its causes are often deeply-the subject had no intention of entering in this forum terrorism presents an enormous challenge for each society and the international community as a whole.

1. Historical Review

Terrorism has always existed and when the history of human society, manifested in such forms as political assassination or hostage taking. However, the "terrorism" as the modern expression of art dating back to the situation in the late 18th century politicians in France, where he was allowed a terrorist government, in which the authority arbitrarily inflicted serious violence on the population, as exemplified by the phrase "reign of terror" at the time of the French Revolution.

The 19th century witnessed the spread of terrorist attacks against the heads of state. In the early 20, the terrorist group's activities was associated more with self-determination movement from central Europe and Turkey, the bond that has survived until today in the context of secessionist movements around the world.

Terrorism and the fight against terrorism have actually spent most of today's conflicts in many corners of the world. Today, the international community is still more to be confronted with the new dimension of global terrorism, causing the international community with a keen sense of the need to reach the approaches to address issue. (Abrahms 2008)

This awareness is already reflected in the 19th century as a clause that makes an exception to the general principle of no extradition for political crimes, assassination of heads of state or members of their families was designated as common criminals, but provided in bilateral and multilateral treaties that perpetrators of such crimes to be extradited for prosecution and punishment.

In the current situation, significant normative development of international law of human rights, international humanitarian law and international criminal law has come to build a sense of condemning the culture of impunity for terrorist acts if such acts are committed by the secessionist movement or oppressive regimes. (Angus 2002)2. Responses from the international community to terrorismagainst the background that terrorism is a threat not only very foundation of our national society, but also perspective of sound development of the international community, it is legitimate for the international community to give due attention to terrorism from the perspective of international legal order.

The essence of the international legal order is to defend the rule of law in international society as the society of humans. If the pursuit of happiness and welfare of human beings is the reason why mankind came to form the society, ...
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