Umande is a national trust, which believes that modest resources can significantly achieve water and sanitation goals if financial resources are strategically invested in support of community-managed program. The Trust supports communities to improve on their knowledge and information assets and facilitates community organizing for independent action but also to demand fairness, accountability and competent service for improved water and sanitation. The Trust has staff members with expertise in the technical design of water and sanitation systems, a family of hygiene promotion approaches, policy advocacy, and communication and business development.
Aims & objectives
The aim of this report is to talk about NGO history mission finances and how it works.
Human rights activism in Africa is long-standing. For decades concerned individuals, including lawyers, journalists, trade unionists and members of religious organizations, have monitored and reported upon human rights violations, often in the most hazardous of circumstances. However, what is new for many African countries is the emergence in recent years of open and self-professed human rights organizations. Especially since the late 1980s, these voluntary associations of citizens have taken on the task of monitoring abuse of human rights, educating the people about their rights under national and international law, and making recommendations to governments about how to improve their protection of human rights (Davies, 2007: 139).
It has become a truism to refer to the democratic changes which have swept across Africa, particularly since the end of the Cold War, and the consequent increase in space for the institutions of civil and popular society--not only human rights organizations, but also political organizations, trade unions, women's organizations, law societies and others. This has been the pattern in countries as widely varied as Benin, Ethiopia, Malawi and Zambia (Davies, 2007: 141).
Umande Trust in Kenya
Since January 2006, members of the coalition of slum dwellers (Muungano wa Wanavijiji) have worked together with Umande and Pamoja Trust to develop joint strategies to support communities design, model, finance, construct and manage improved water and sanitation facilities in Nairobi and Kisumu. The product of these extensive consultations involving communities, partner agencies, informed by the experiences and lessons learnt to-date was the ring-fenced water and sanitation fund.
This is a special water and sanitation fund with a central kit for the communities to access loans towards improved water and sanitation services (facilities). It seeks to improve access of the rural and urban poor to adequate, safe and affordable water and sanitation services. The fund is a community owned facility with its own interim committee.
The source of funding will be from NGOs, parastastals, Government and Government agencies, local authorities and private interested partners. Once these facilities are set up they will be managed by communities who will be required to surrender a percentage through their income of not less than 7% for replication.
It draws its membership from saving schemes, environmental groups and networks of slumdwellers living and working in different parts of the country.