Occupational Therapy

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How Can Occupational Therapist's Maintain An Occupational Focus Within A Generic Mental

How Can Occupational Therapist's Maintain An Occupational Focus Within A Generic Mental


The occupational therapist helps the treatment of disorders and disabilities such as mental, intellectual or somatic creating a mismatch or an alteration of identity and aims at the reintegration of people with these disorders in their work. Occupational therapy seeks loss functions and capabilities of those treated waste to enable them to maintain, recover or develop the best individual autonomy possible. After examining the person, the therapist provides the necessary technical solutions: design furniture, communication, dressing, hygiene ... He works with everyone: children, adults, seniors. Occupational therapists are the number of 5370, 85% of women and work in three areas of professional activity: functional rehabilitation, child psychiatry, adolescent and adult, and the Geriatric Psychiatry rehabilitation and social development advice, technical aids and expertise (Chapparo, Ranka, 2000, pp. 47-51).

Environmental factors that affect mental health, typically lead to short-term effects such as mood changes and emotional states, such as the appearance of pleasure, enthusiasm, or depressed mood. These changes often accompanied by changes in behavior. These changes expressed in the problematic behavior, palliative adaptation to stress loads (for example, drinking), avoiding problems, or the dynamic behavior directed at their permit. Mentioned effects and changes in behavior usually accompanied by physiological changes, which serve as an indicator of an excited and sometimes impaired homeostasis.When one or more stressors are long, short-term reversible reactions may become more stable, less reversible mental health problems such as burnout or depression. In high-risk cases, you may experience chronic mental disorders (eg, post-traumatic depression syndrome PTSD), are difficult to treat.

The occupational therapist is a health care professional and a central player in the continuum of rehabilitation services, fitness and supports the social integration of people with problems in their daily functioning (Chapparo, Ranka, 2000, pp. 47-51). The occupational therapist, as a member of the interdisciplinary team, providing expertise regarding the impact of deficits on the social roles and lifestyle of an individual within their environment. It offers interventions on the recovery of the longest running time to the person to enter or return to their roles in its environment. To achieve the goals of the rehabilitation process, the occupational therapist can target the reduction of disability or modification of the realization of the activity or the environment.

The role of the therapist is at the level of daily activities or lifestyle. It seeks to ensure that the person can perform activities or roles with efficiency and satisfaction. Is meant by the term occupation, all human activities carried out in order to fulfill a function or role. "The occupation has everything a person does care for, that is to say in her care (personal care), entertainment (leisure) and contributing to building social and economic community (productivity) "(ACE, 1997, p. 38-39). Occupation of a person is thus closely linked to quality of life and the meaning it gives to his existence.

Research Question

How can OT's maintain an occupational focus within a generic Mental Health ...
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