In architecture and decorative art, ornament is a decoration used to embellish parts of a building or object. Architectural ornament can be carved from stone, wood or precious metals, formed with plaster or clay, or impressed onto a surface as applied ornament; in other applied arts the main material of the object, or a different one may be used.
Styles of ornamentation can be studied in reference to the specific culture which developed unique forms of decoration, or modified ornament from other cultures. The Ancient Egyptian culture is the first recorded civilization to add decoration to their buildings. Their ornament takes the forms of the natural world in that climate, decorating the capitals of columns and walls with images of papyrus and palm trees. Assyrian culture produced ornament which shows influence from Egyptian sources and a number of original themes, including figures of plants and animals of the region. Ornamentation is the act or process of decorating, adorning, or embellishing. It is the state of being decorated, adorned, or embellished.
Adolf Loos is best known as the foe of ornament and the advocate of functionalism: this reputation rests mainly on widespread dissemination of his notorious and paradoxical essay “Ornamentation and a crime”. In this essay, Loose advocated an uncompromising anti-ornament position on functional grounds. His radical assertions became an article of faith among the post world war I European avant-garde, who accepted his claim uncritically and somewhat naively, and incorporated the essay into the canon of the modern movement. Through the agency of the avant-garde Loose alleged anti-ornament position has had a profound impact on the shape and character of world's major metropolises in the post world.
And because of this I know that art really exists. But Loos believed that architects should use the artistic ability to help the people out, and give the customers what they want. This included the designing of furniture, graphics, carpeting and domestic appliances. During Loos' time, a major split occurred in the field of architecture. He thought that it was better to be original and come up with his own original ideas instead of designing things that have already been designed. In this way the cities will be expanded and made more modern, forming the metropolises that exist today. Loos believed that architects should not duplicate styles from the past but they should definitely know about traditional styles. I see a non-composite, immediate, three-dimensional conception. Many of his designs included interiors, which he believed were very important to creating good modern architecture. He put a part of himself into everything that he created . In this way, the architect can express his own thoughts through his own architectural language. This so accurately captures what Loos attempted to do with his architecture. Loos really put his heart and his beliefs into his designs. His work was very unique, he had his own style. Knowing the traditional architecture will eliminate any chance of copying ...