Painting Techniques

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Development of Painting Techniques in Western Europe

Development of Painting Techniques in Western Europe


The following paper basically deals with the history of the paintings in the Western Europe from 1300. The paper gave a deep insight to all the readers who have their interest in paintings because the paper is written considering all the relevant aspects of the Western European painting history. The development of artistic techniques in the Western Europe, during 1300, was of great importance to the work of painting undertaken by the Western Europe during the long process of material and religious colonization of the New World.


In the fourteenth century painting techniques in Europe had reached a high degree of organization and material perfection. Artists working in corporations that guaranteed knowledge transfer according to tradition. Teachers and pupils were engaged in research: new materials, chemical reactions, and carving wood drying, preparation and implementation of the different layers of paint, translucent and other discoveries that resulted in experts in their respective fields of practice. The diffusion of these techniques in America faced many obstacles due to the lack of materials and the limited knowledge of its population. The first years, the painters would work in wood and fabric. In Western Europe, the preferred wood was cedar and artists had managed to perfect special techniques for treatment. However, if compared with America, they worked with other types of wood and consider how to treat it, and their chemical reactions were not so much convincing, which actually required for painting. For this Americans needed time, but the Western Europe did not wait for the time and keep on promoting and working hard in the field of arts and painting (Art Gallery, n.d., pp. 1-5). In addition, the Western region, which was the most populous of the Viceroyalty, was devoid of wood, which favoured the rapid development of the techniques of painting on canvas and murals.

Late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries

In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, the arts and paintings gave the interpretation of European models of arts and paintings. The reasons for this change were analyzed from different points of view. The wide dissemination of art considered as part of the process of evangelization undertaken by Europe. Initially, religious issues were outside the mystical world of the Europeans, but were gradually integrated into it, creating a parallel with the beliefs of the past.

Drawing Techniques

Drawing on previously unknown artistic techniques in this region was an important method of painting: easel painting, polychrome sculpture, painting on metal and wood. Fresh art was used as a visual means of indoctrination of the natives and to this end; it took hundreds of paintings and sculptures. Churches were built along the new territory and were decorated with works reflecting the world spirit and European art. This immense task involved the development of new techniques adapted to the reality of the different regions of Western Europe.

This considerable production began with the importation of works of art, mainly from Spain, Flanders and ...
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