Potential Problems Associated With Job Analysis

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Potential Problems Associated with Job AnalysiS


In this research paper, we will discuss the potential problems and potential uses associated with Job analysis. Also discuss the ways to overcome these problems. Basically, Job analysis is a label given to the process of obtaining information about jobs, which includes both the description of what is done at work and the specification of what capabilities are needed to perform the work. It is one of the most widely used organizational data collection techniques and forms the foundation on which virtually all other human resource management systems are built. Finally, its use is essential to meet legal requirements. Despite changes in the work environment, job analysis remains an essential tool for industrial and organizational psychologists. As a process, job analysis involves a series of choices, including the type of information to collect, the method by which the data will be collected, and the source of the data. (Cascio 2005)

Discussion and Analysis

The type of information to collect is dictated by the purpose of the job analysis. Thus, it is essential to articulate the purpose clearly prior to starting a job analysis. With the purpose clearly defined, a variety of information can be gathered about a job. One of the most common types of information collected in a job analysis concerns work activities. Work activities are the observable behaviors performed by workers. There are several ways to examine work activities, varying on a continuum from very detailed actions to global behaviors. These include elements, tasks, duties, and generalized work activities. (Cascio 2005) There are often hundreds of elements for a job, which often makes them impractical units for most purposes. A task is a collection of related elements performed closely in time. Tasks have an identifiable beginning and end and ...
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