Prostate cancer disease is the second leading origin of cancer disease death of American men. Every year, 40 000 men will pass away due to this cancer. Consequently, there has been much research into the determinants and treatments of cancer; although, no one is certain of what determinants prostate cancer disease and why it happens. What is Prostate Cancer? The prostate gland is a small, egg-sized gland located in a man's pelvis, below the bladder. This gland is to blame for making a part of the fluid makes up semen. Prostate cancer disease begins when usual units in the prostate gland change into cancer disease cells. Prostate cancer is divided into 4 stages of development (Lister, 2009). In the first stage, the tumor is isolated within the prostate gland itself, and is hardly detectable. During the second stage, the tumor become noticeable, but is still isolated within the gland. The immediate surrounding organs are affecting by the cancer cells in the third stage. Finally, in the fourth stage, the cancer cells invade the blood and lymph systems and spread to other parts of the body (Steinberg, 1990, 339).
Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer
The diagnosis for prostate cancer disease is somewhat simple. Many medical practitioners will present a DRE (Digital Rectal written test) where a gloved and lubricated hand is injected into the rectum to seem the form and dimensions of the prostate. The cancer disease is noticeable as a bump after the second stage of development. Other procedures of checking for prostate cancer disease encompass a blood PSA grade test. Prostate gland units produce a protein called PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) where they are cancer or not. Cancer cells have a tendency to produce more PSA, however, and PSA levels elevate when cancer cells are present (Lytton, 2001, 60).