Receptive And Productive Vocabulary

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Receptive and Productive Vocabulary

Receptive and Productive Vocabulary

Productive vocabulary (also called active vocabulary production and vocabulary) is the set of units of the mental lexicon that a speaker actually used in the messages it emits.

Receptive vocabulary (also called passive vocabulary or vocabulary of receipt) is that a speaker is able to interpret different situations in receiving messages. Consequently, receptive vocabulary is part of a speaker's mental lexicon. The concept of receptive vocabulary occurs normally associated with productive vocabulary, which seems to suggest a dichotomous opposition is not. Receptive and productive vocabulary is not two distinct aspects of the mental lexicon but moments of a continuum in the knowledge of vocabulary. In this regard, there are currently three trends: one that indicates that receptive vocabulary is much wider than the production (twice or more in number of units), one that indicates that the distance between types of knowledge declines over time, although always higher receptive vocabulary than the productive one last, which states that the difference between them is not significant (Jenkins, 787).


This leads to a number of important considerations for teaching vocabulary include: What knows a word and how to help pass receptive to productive knowledge? Consider that knowledge is subject to degrees, from a minimal knowledge (signifier and signified, rather than partial knowledge may be) to maximum knowledge (linguistic and extra linguistic knowledge complete pronunciation, spelling, or dialects, construction, connotation).As noted with respect to the mental lexicon , which is characterized by increased, "The existence of a lexical unit in the mental lexicon knowledge is not necessarily a" complete "(phonics, spelling, meaning, construction, etc.) or" right ". For example, a speaker can know that the buccinators, splenius and sternocleidomastoid muscles are, but where they are and what function, while a broad medical knowledge they have about them. Both speakers know the words above, but the degrees of knowledge of the first and second are very different, and with them their receptive and productive skills in relation to these terms (Laufer, 558).

Differentiation Distinction between receptive and productive vocabulary knowledge

In step receptive to productive knowledge has much to do, then, the degree of knowledge. The quality of information affects the interpretation and acquisition of new information added to the background, the new information is more easily retrievable when working with short-term memory to long-term memory. But also the teaching that encourages the manipulation of vocabulary, in-depth processing and recovery and reuse of information units provide more exposure to adduct and further consolidation of knowledge, which contributes to the step of receiving production (Hulstijn, 125).

In the process of acquiring / learning a language, the subject has different strategic and linguistic resources that allow the speaker that language to express both orally and in writing a greater number of concepts and make it more correctly. Within this range of resources, vocabulary plays a particularly important role because it depends largely on the degree of communicative competence of the subject, both in its active (expression) and passive (listening) (Horst, ...
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