The National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) was founded in 1919 by Anton Drexler and Karl Harrer in Munich as the German Workers Party (DAP) and in 1920 the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) renamed. Adolf Hitler joined the party in 1919 and soon became its chief of propaganda. Under the symbol of the swastika, the Nazis began their rise. Two years later, Hitler was chosen as party chairman. Since then, the party was in the leadership principle, majority decisions were abolished. Already the party program of 24 February 1920 contained anti-liberal, anti-capitalist, imperialist, and particularly anti-Semitic features. 1923, Adolf Hitler as a speaker at a junior from Ulrich Wille organized event in Zurich. The present Swiss industrialist donated generously for his Nazi Party(Churchill, 105-117).
A massive crash on the New York Stock Exchange triggered the Great Depression. Its highest point in Switzerland, she reached in 1936. The Swiss franc was devalued by 30 percent, banks lost a lot of money in Germany, and unemployment rose. In Germany, the negative consequences of the economic crisis were felt even more strongly. Many people lost from the middle class through inflation all its assets and embittered.
It was the German defeat in the 1st World War, not yet processed. Many German sought refuge in this crisis of meaning in esoteric groups. The Austrian Corporal Hitler and his racist and Nazi ideas fell on fertile ground. 1933 for him was the year of change. After a very big crisis suddenly money came from the U.S., the German Industry and Switzerland. This contributed significantly to making Hitler Chancellor in 1933. All the ominous rise of the Nazis and the persecution of the Jews took their course. They culminated in the Holocaust - by official count - six million Jews killed. The second instigated by the Nazis World War II called for a total of about 45 million lives. Even in Switzerland there were Nazis, but they took here never really walk.
On 1 September 1939 Nazi Germany was Poland. The Second World War broke out. In Switzerland, the Federal Council elected General Henri Guisan. The boundaries were occupied, and it remained neutral so far. Also for the Swiss population (Bear and Foot, 85-98)
General Guisan, General of the Swiss army in the 2nd World War followed by a period of privation war with rationing of food, which is particularly the families of the soldiers felt convened (the "active service providers"). The majority of the Swiss population was opposed to National Socialist ideas. The will to resist the Nazis, was mobilized by the official propaganda of the "spiritual Landesverteigung. The National Exhibition of 1936 helped create a national consciousness, which until the present days in the special case of Switzerland "is expressed. Switzerland took in refugees, but could still do more, and, in view of the approaching destruction of the Jews. The Federal Council was on a fine line between resistance against Nazi Germany to prevent the maintenance of credible political neutrality ...