Sanitation Condition During The First Industrial Revolution

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Sanitation Condition during the First Industrial Revolution

Sanitation Condition during the First Industrial Revolution


Diseases were a constant menace at the time of the Industrial Revolution. The changes in the living conditions and the surroundings in which people worked led to a rise in the spread of diseases. This also led to the creation of new diseases that were unknown to humans at that time. These diseases were so harmful that in some areas, huge scores of people died rapidly(Allen, 2011).

Cities grew very swiftly as industries led to migrations from rural areas and immigration from various regions of Europe. As the requirement for housing increased, the quality of houses being developed was reduced in order to cater to the high demand. People use to live in cramped rooms that were built quickly without considering health hazards and hygiene. Soon, slums started to sprout up in developing cities that gave them a shabby look.

The inflow of people and the haphazard growth of settlement led to a much bigger issue. Diseases started to spread from country to country. The situation turned out so bad that several people got injured and an even higher number died. The deaths and sickness led the government to do something to solve this issue. As a result, several rules were enforced and money was spent to develop a proper network of sewers and garbage collection points in order to clean the city.

Table of Contents


Table of Contentsiii


Thesis Statement2

The First Industrial Revolution2

Urban Migration3

Living Conditions3



Recovery of Maintenance Cost8

After Effects8



The First Industrial Revolution was a moment of dramatic technological, economical, and social changes. It was an era that was defined by a key and quick changeover from an agricultural and manual labor based society to a modern industrialized civilization dominated by innovative technology and complex machines. The Industrial Revolution age began in the 18th century. First, it began in Britain then extended to other countries. It was a radical transformation in the sense that it brought in a totally new technique in the way work was done. There were now a number of industries with advanced machines producing all types of products under what is called mass manufacturing; large manufacturing cities with new employment opportunities caused people to travel in big numbers looking for employment. Just like the economy, the transportation sector was revolutionized by coal powered machines leading to the development of steam ships, trains, and the development of cars. Also, societal needs were no longer based on manufacturing rather they were based on the unity of consumption (Stern & Kander, 2012).

Although the world portrays the Industrial Revolution to be a time in which people were living a prosperous life, in reality the people started to suffer more than they were suffering before the revolution (Allen, 2011). With the influx of people into cities, there was an acute shortage of living space. People started building unregistered houses wherever they found space. These houses were cramped into tiny places and the streets too were very narrow. This caused a major hygiene issue ...
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