Speech Deficit Problem

Read Complete Research Material


Speech Deficit Problem

Speech Deficit Problem

Part 2- Literature Review

Speech and language disorders refer to problems in communication and related areas such as oral motor function. These delays and disorders range from simple sound substitutions to the inability to understand or use language or implement oral-motor for functional speech and feeding. (Clark, 2008)

Speech disorders may be problems with the way sounds are formed, called articulation or phonological disorders, or they may be difficulties with the pitch, volume or quality of the voice. There may be a combination of several problems. People with speech disorders have trouble using some speech sounds, which can also be a symptom of a delay. (Covey, 2004)

Developmental expressive language disorder is a disorder in which an adult/employee has a poor understanding of vocabulary, the production of complex sentences, and recall of words. Receptive - expressive disorder is one in which both the receptive and expressive areas of communication may be affected in any degree, from mild to severe. (Brandt, 2006)

Possible causes

Communication disorders may be developmental or acquired. (Hoffman, 1990) A genetic factor is sometimes considered a contributing cause in some cases. However, the cause is unknown. Many speech problems are developmental rather than physiological, and as such they respond to remedial instruction. In the past, employees with communication disorders were routinely removed from the regular class for individual speech and language therapy. (Garnett, 2004) This is still the case in severe instances, but the trend is toward keeping the employees in the mainstream as much as possible. In order to accomplish this goal, teamwork among the teacher, speech and language therapist, audiologist, and parents is essential. Speech improvement and correction are blended into the regular classroom curriculum and the employee's natural environment. (Manolson, 1992)Treatment for communication disorders

A coordinated effort between parents, teachers, and speech/language and mental health professionals provides the basis for individualized treatment strategies that may include individual or group remediation, special classes, or special resources. Special education techniques are used to increase communication skills in the areas of the deficit. A second approach helps the employee build on his/her strengths to overcome his/her communication deficit. (Gravel, 1995)

Speech-language pathologists assist special need employees who have communication disorders in various ways. Early detection and intervention can address the developmental needs and academic difficulties to improve the quality of life experienced by special need employees with communication disorders. (Miller, 2008)

The speech-language pathologist may assist vocational teachers and counselors in establishing communication goals related to the work experiences of students and suggest strategies that are effective for the important transition from school to employment and adult life.

Naturally, if workers can't understand what the boss and others are saying, you've got problems. But problems are why we have managers and supervisors in the first place. Of course, many of the challenges involving the language barrier are caused by the new workers themselves. Some of the difficulties, however, are created by the existing, regular workforce or by customers and clients as ...
Related Ads