Substance Abuse Models

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Substance Abuse Models


In this study we try to explore the concept of “Substance Abuse” in a holistic context. The main focus of the research is on “Substance Abuse Models” and its relation with “Criminal Justice”. The research also analyzes many aspects of “Substance Abuse Models” and tries to gauge its effect on “organization”. Finally the research describes various factors which are responsible for “Substance Abuse Models” and tries to describe the overall effect of “Substance Abuse Models” on “Criminal Justice”.

Table of Contents

Therapeutic Community1

The Community as Therapeutic Agent1

Formal Therapeutic Elements CT2

Drug Courts3

Substance Abuse Models

Therapeutic Community

This term was coined in psychiatric hospitals in the UK in the mid- 50 (1). A decade later, the term therapeutic communities begins used to describe certain drug-free residential treatment to substance-dependent subjects, although these programs emerged regardless of the context of the psychiatric hospital. The therapeutic community (CT) as a treatment for drug abuse and dependence emerged in the 60 in North America, as an alternative to conventional treatments. The concept this model was based on self-help, and was originally developed by Alcoholics recovery and substance abuse. Thus, although Alcoholics Anonymous and Synanon best known are his background, the therapeutic community model is old and has been applied in various fields of assistance and community support. At present, the CT model is expanded and consolidated in our environment, making a substantial contribution in the field of assistance drug addiction (Manning & Nick, 1989).

The Community as Therapeutic Agent

A typical day in a TC involves a very structured period, which begins approximately at 7.00 am and ends approximately at 23.00 pm. During this time, the users participate in a variety of meetings, activities occupational, encounter groups and other treatment groups, counseling and therapy individual, and recreational activities. The interaction between these educational activities, therapeutic and social is the essence of community as an agent therapy. The CT benefits from the role of peers as an active agent in the user change, through the strengthening of interpersonal bonds.

Peers are an incomparable source of feedback evaluation and support, reinforcement for positive behaviors, instruction, modeling and suggestions for change (Manning & Nick, 1989). The CT provides a unique for these interactions are intense, continuous, scheduled, and developed a structured manner, which facilitates the satisfaction of needs relational user while allowing the structuring of relationships this himself and others, preparing for subsequent integration into other family and social centers. These activities community is developed through daily meetings, seminars frequent group therapy sessions and ongoing interaction in the context of CT During occupational tasks, groups, meetings, recreational activities and personal time and social interaction, residents passed between when a message constitute the spirit and essence of the community.

Formal Therapeutic Elements CT

The CT professionalized treatment program incorporated into their formal strategies intervention varied from psychiatric treatment until the application of psychological treatment techniques are diverse, as the theoretical orientation of the CT (cognitive behavioral therapy, family - systemic, psychoanalytic orientation, psychodrama, Gestalt, client-centered psychotherapy, ...
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