Textile Industry Poses Environmental Hazards

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Textile Industry poses Environmental Hazards




Background of the Research1

Hazardous affects Textile Industry Water Wastages2

Effects on Reproductive Function2

Pollution from the Textile Industry3

Hazardous Substances in the Textile Industry3

Aims and Objectives3



Research Questions4

Dissertation Layout4


History of Textile Industry5

Production of Fabric6

Dyeing and Printing Figures6

Problems of safety and health7

Environmental Problems7


Design and Methodology9

Secondary Research Methods9

Primary Research Methods9

Qualitative and Quantitative Research Method10

Selection of Participants10

Data preparation and statistical procedures10

Literature Search11

Keywords Used11



Background of the Research

In environmental science, environmental risk can be defined as the possibility of occurrence of environmental harm may be due to some natural phenomena or some human actions. Risks can be classified as natural hazards cause by some natural activity and anthropogenic risks, which is caused by some human actions. Natural Hazards: examples are those associated with internal geological phenomena such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, or falling meteorites (Tedeschi 2007 62). Anthropogenic risks: they are produced by human activities, although the natural circumstances may determine its severity. Example is accident of Bhopal (worst chemical accident at the moment).

The establishment of textile industries gives rise to expectations of growth and development while providing employment to thousands of people. The problems are that, government and the companies do not foresee the environmental impact and find no solutions to prevent pollution caused by textile industry's wastage (Smith 2006 100). In US, thirteen industries have been established that produce different types of fabrics, these industries are providing about 3,500 jobs and these results in decrease in the unemployment rate. According to the US Secretariat sewer pipes are installed near the Industrial Park it restricted the overflow of the liquid chemicals which is hazardous to human health.

The textile industry consumes huge amounts of water during the process of dyeing and printing on fabric, producing a large volume of water wastage. In developing countries such as India, the water wastage often falls into the reservoir of clean drinking water. They contain dyes (indigo, azoic) and heavy metals, bleaches and acids, which are dangerous to animal, fish, birds and human lives (Philp 2005 19).

Hazardous affects Textile Industry Water Wastages

In October 2006, in the journal of "Environmental Biology" a study appeared on the impact of sewage pollution from textile industry on freshwater fishes. The researchers compared the size and shape of red blood cells of fish living in polluted and unpolluted waters. The results showed that pollution by sewage from the textile industry in the aquatic environment significantly alters the shape and size of red corpuscles in the blood of living creatures. Further studies are needed to identify all harmful effects of textile industry contamination (Turk Wittes 2007 25).

Effects on Reproductive Function

Raw water with traces of textile paints is a detrimental effect on the reproductive function of animals that consume it. In March 2005, in the journal "Reproductive Toxicology" published a study on the impact of sewage pollution in the textile industry and the weight of reproductive organs in rats (Murdoch 2005 30). Researchers have identified two groups of experimental animals. Members of the first treated group consumed water; the members of the second were untreated. As a result, the second group of ...
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