The Black Death

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Mongols and the Black Death

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Brief History2

The outbreak of the Black Death3

Impact of the Black Death on Mongols6



Mongols and the Black Death


The most destructive pandemic in the history of Europe was a bubonic plague that ravaged the Old World between 1348 and 1361, and can be given the name "black death." In addition, continue calling this epidemic, reserving the name plague other pests, such as the London of 1665.

The Mongol upsweep also had a huge impact on the eastern edge of the Mediterranean region and on Europe. The Great Black Plague that swept across Eurasia in the fourteenth century, killing off a large proportion of the populations, may have been transported by fleas on horses and camels plying the Central Asian Silk Road routes. The Mongol Empire provided protection for trading caravans, and so the Eurasian trade had expanded.

As mentioned, the word "plague" refers to the characteristic bubo or enlarged lymph nodes. This pest is typical of rodents and passed from rat to another rat by fleas, flea bites an infected rat and, engulfs the bacillus along with blood, this bacillus can remain in the gut of the animal for three weeks and when it bites another animal or person spits it infects.

The population of Europe lost 25 million people in a span of two years. The conventional understanding of the Black Death is that it was caused by the bubonic plague bacillus, Yersinia pestis. In October of 1347 A.D., a Genoese fleet sailing from the Orient docked at the Messina harbor. On these ships were rats and fleas carrying Yersinia pestis.

Yersinia pestis lives in the digestive tract of fleas and can be transferred to another host during feeding. In Europe, the most common host was the black rat (Rattus rattus). An important feature about the bacterium is that it can survive in the rodent's burrow long after the infected rodent is dead. Thus the plague can reoccur after the original epidemic dies down. Yersinia pestis is found in rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis), but not in human fleas (Pulex irritans). As rat fleas prefer a rat host to any other animal, they only bite humans when the rat population is decimated.


Brief History

Leprosy may be one of the oldest and most interesting diseases on our planet. Its origin predates the written historical record and testimony about it remain today are very vast. From Galen to Jack London, through the Bible, has been the inspiration for legends, stories, fears and lies. However, it is perhaps in medieval Europe where leprosy takes its greatest historical and medical importance.

Contrary to popular belief, the Middle Ages was a time full of unhealthy and disease. In fact, diseases that had caused major epidemics in the past, includes the bubonic plague (the plague of Justinian) and measles. They had entirely disappeared after the fall of the Roman Empire following the fall of large urban areas and at both the possibility of contagion masons. Thus, the leprosy, a disease of long duration, has ...
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