The Economic Impact Of Multinational Enterprise On Emerging Markets: The Case Of Mtn Nigeria

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[The economic impact of Multinational Enterprise on emerging markets: The case of MTN Nigeria]



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This study examines whether and to what extent emerging-market multinational enterprises (EM MNEs) can use outward FDI in a developed market to capture knowledge spillovers so as to improve their technological capabilities at home. We refer to this as a “reverse spill over” effect on parent firms, and develop it based on the knowledge-seeking motive for FDI by EM MNEs. Extending previous studies that have identified the knowledge-seeking motive and have also provided some evidence for its validity; our study focuses on the effects of such FDI on technological capabilities of EM MNEs at home. Using a panel dataset of 493 EM MNEs over the period 2000-2008, and controlling for possible endogenously, we find evidence supporting the reverse spill over effect: EM MNEs that have subsidiaries in host developed markets richer in technological resources (measured by R&D investments and R&D employment) exhibit stronger technological capabilities at home. We discuss the implications of our study for research and practice related to the internationalization of EM MNEs. This study or research aims at exploring the value of infrastructure sharing as a means of achieving cost efficiency and revenue assurance. The research is based on a case study analysis of the current collocation arrangement between MTN Nigeria Ltd and Zain Nigeria Ltd. The study seeks to explore the benefits of the infrastructure sharing deal between these two companies as well as recommend an improved or enhanced framework or model to sustain this strategy model in the context of the Nigerian telecommunications industry.

Table of Content

Chapter 1: Introduction7

Chapter 2: Literature Review12

Roles of the Capital Market15

Contribution of the Capital Market to Socio-economic Development of Nigeria17

Financing Government's Infrastructural Projects18

Privatization of State Owned Enterprises (SOEs)20

Market Capitalization21

Total New Issues22

Listed Securities23

Value of Transactions23

The Nigeria Telecoms Industry Outlook23

Chapter 3: Methodology27

Research Design27

Model Specification29

Sampling Strategy30

Data Collection Strategies31

Regression Result32


Chapter 1: Introduction


The penetration of emerging market multinational enterprises (EM MNEs) into developed markets (DMs) through outward foreign direct investments (OFDI) is a significant but relatively understudied phenomenon (e.g., Bertoni, Elia, and Rabbiosi, 2008; Buckley, Elia, and Kafouros, 2010; Yamakawa, Peng, and Deeds, 2008). An important motivation for such OFDI is to access advanced knowledge and capabilities available in DMs and to utilize them to improve the technological and innovative capabilities of the parent companies in emerging markets (Makino, Lau, and Yeh, 2002; Mathews and Zander, 2007; Luo and Tung, 2007; Rui and Yip, 2008; Deng, 2009). This “knowledge seeking” motivation of EM MNEs has been supported by recent studies that have ...
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