The Effectiveness of Anti-dumping Regime Operated by WTO
The rapid development and growing in international trade relation, led to increase the volume of trade exchange of goods, services and to emergence of a number of commercial phenomena and unfair competition between the national and international companies on one hand and the import and export countries, on the other hand. Thus, it was important WTO intervene
Table of Content
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION1
Historical progress of GTT'S and WTO2
AD Code 1967 (Kennedy Round)3
AD Code 1979 (Tokyo Round)4
Detention and Basic Regulation Dumping and Anti-Dumping5
The Concept of Dumping5
The Reasons for Anti-Dumping Legislation5
Overview of article VI of General Agreement on Tariffs and trade 19947
The Mechanism and Strategy to Make Anti-Dumping Complain9
The Requirement of Anti-Dumping Complain10
Chapter One: Introduction
The international experience in the politics of antidumping, indicate that the protection of the national industries from the results of liberalisation of international trade, the most significant phenomenon of dumping, is through the application of clear politics regarding to certain criteria, including the traditional focus of local industry and its economic power and the impact of the economy sectors, as well as the amount of economic extent, and the contribution of the industry in the in the national employment . The rapid development and growing in international trade relations, led to increase the value of trade exchange of goods, services and to emergence of a number of commercial phenomena, non-statutory and unfair competition between the national and international companies on one hand and import and export in the other hand.
The aim of this study is to examine the effect of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) regime regarding anti-dumping and its effectiveness in the flow of international trade. The world trade organised (WTO), has recently existed in the last two Decades as development of to the general agreement on tariff and trade (GATT), which operated for almost fifty years, as a provisional treat and instrument to international trade . Generally, WTO deals with rules of trade between nations and has a definitive organisational structure recognised under international law. Mainly, WTO has been vast success, and began to put into practice suitable communications for the enormous treaty results of Uruguay Round of multilateral negotiation (1986 -1994). The effectiveness of the WTO increased with the measures and the quantitative restriction which included in its rules that played a vital role in the flow of the global trade. Anti-dumping is one of a distinguished world trade organisation policy that affect a relatively large amount on global trade, and it needs understanding of its purpose and its consequences on international trade.
Historical progress of GTT'S and WTO
The creation of WTO on 1995 which led to the largest reform international trade after the Second World War was the result of failed attempts of the GATT in 1948. Dumping was initially dealt with in Article VI of the GATT 1947, which was designed to curb the abuses of anti-dumping measures by traditional anti-dumping users that were prevalent before the Article was adopted. For instance, no injury requirement was ...