The First Emperor Of China

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The First Emperor of China

The First Emperor of China

Qin Shi Huang

One of the greatest despots in world history, Qin Shi Huang, who bore the original name of Ying Zheng, born in 259 BC In the year 246 as a boy, he comes to the throne of the kingdom of Qin, one of the seven endlessly warring kingdoms into which China was then divided. By this time, the kingdom of Qin significantly increased, primarily due to the adoption as a state doctrine of Legalism, a doctrine which called a complete theory of oriental despotism. By the way, I want to see, “the bible of Legalism” - “Book of the ruler of the Shan State” was a reference book of Mao Zedong.


Emperor Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of unified China, built an entire army of terracotta soldiers in battle array: six thousand warriors on foot and horse-size carved each with its own features.

Ying Son Zichu, born in the month the Chinese Zheng (?), the first month of the calendar then in use, and called Zheng. The age in which he was born, is the last phase of the Warring States Period, many of the smaller states in which the country divided. Only a handful survived, and one of these was the most powerful kingdom of Qin, to sign the alliances. However, it was customary to leave one member of the royal family hostage at the allied states, and was Zichu hostage of the state of Zhao during the birth of Zheng, who born in the capital, so foreign, Handan. Not long after he escaped from Zhao Zichu with the help of the rich merchant, Lu Buwei, in time to become the king of Qin Zhanjiang (although Zhanjiang is a posthumous name), Lu Buwei became its chancellor. According to a well-known tradition, Zheng was the son of Lu Buwei because his mother was already pregnant when she married Zichu. The legend has no historical foundation is probably due to opponents of Confucian emperor.

Rise to the Throne and Government

Zheng ascended the throne in 247 BC, but was only twelve and a half, so it supported by a regent, from whose custody he was able to escape only in 238 BC with a coup. After taking control of the state of Qin moved his army against the state of Han, on which prevailed in 230 BC, followed by Wei (225 BC), Chu (223 BC), Zhao, Yan (222 BC), and finally Qiu in (221 BC).

Qui was ruling the whole of China in 221 BC, and wanting to distinguish his position from that of simple king of Qin, he forged for himself the title of Huangdi, combining the characters that showed The Three August Ones and Five Emperors, kings of united country. It poses the same level as parents, highlighting the fact that he did not need tradition to legitimize its rule. The title of Huangdi is usually translated as “emperor”, known as the First Emperor (Shi Huangdi in Chinese), its ...
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