All societies have need for some specialization. One function of education is to prepare people for the particular environment to which they are destined. On the other hand, all forms of education contain a common core that all children receive the basic education. Every society needs a basic similarity of thought, values and norms among its members to persevere in existence (Sisaye, 2011).
The sociology of education is the result of the idealist conception of education present in the pedagogical doctrines. In history, American education provided both economic as well as political needs, which read out the purpose of education. At present, educators and sociologists discuss the function or purpose of education. The main theories correspond to their vision: the conflict theory, the functionalist theory, as well as the emblematic interactionist theory (Donatus, 2010).
Understanding the analysis of the sociological theories, concrete analysis with examples of how conflict, interactionism, and functionalism affect individuals, society, social variations within education.
The impact of sociological theories on individuals, society as well as social variations within education.
Education has for all time had a significant position in the society. It facilitates us to study the attitudes, behaviors and values which are acknowledged by a particular civilization. Education is observed like a human effort for a better prospect at life probability. A number of people perceive it like a way of defeating handicaps, attaining social equality, as well as securing status and wealth. The influence of education over a civilization has been disputed and challenged continuously; on the other hand the best viewpoints are characterized through the conflict, interactionism, and functionalism theories (Sisaye, 2011).
Education and further social institution, has together latent and manifest functions. The function of manifest is teaching essential skills and knowledge. Students are trained to speak, read a variety of dialects; and auto repair. The function of latent education is to operate to teach transformation in culture, enhance public and governmental incorporation, maintain public control, and functions as a power of transform. Over the time, the school reorientation association tried to souk the fundamental modification of U.S. educational organizations based on the trivial requirements of the information era (Donatus, 2010).
The Functionalist Theory
This theory focuses on techniques which universal education provides the requirements of society. Functionalists initially perceive education in manifest role: presenting basic skills and knowledge to the upcoming generation. The initiator of the functionalist theory, Durkheim recognized the latent function of education and learning like one of interacting individuals into the mainstream of society. This “moral knowledge,” as he named it, facilitated form a further-cohesive public structure by carrying together individuals from different backgrounds, which reflects the historical distress of “Americanizing” the immigrants (Okhomina, 2010).
Functionalists focus to other latent tasks to train and learning for instance transmission of primary principles and public control. The primary principles in American knowledge imitate those characteristics which support the economic and political systems that initially motivate education. As a result, children in America get rewards for subsequent schedules, following the ...