The Reign Of Charles1

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The Reign of Charles1

The Reign of Charles 1

Thesis Statement

Whead covering were Charles' greatest accomplishments? What were his downfalls?

Charles was born in Dunfermline, the child of James I and Anne of Denmark, was born in 1600. He was made the Duke of York at the age of five and the Prince of Wales in 1616.

When James I past away in 1625, his child Charles became king. Later that year, Charles wed Henrietta Maria, the fifteen-year-old female child of Henri IV of France. As Henrietta Maria was a Roman Catholic, this wedding ceremony was not very well liked with the English people. The Puritans were especially sad when they learned that the monarch had pledged that Henrietta Maria would be permitted to try her belief without coercion and would have the blame for the upbringing of their young children until they come to the age of 13.

The twosome had six young children, Charles (1630-1685), Mary (1631-1660), James (1633-1701), Elizabeth (1635-1680), Henry (1640-1660) and Henrietta (1644-1670).

At this time King Louis XIII was engaged in a municipal conflict contrary to the Protestants (Huguenots) in France. Parliament liked to assist the Huguenots but Charles denied as he did not desire to distressed his wife or brother-in-law. Eventually it was acquiesced to drive a fleet of eight boats to France. However, at the last instant Charles dispatched instructions that the men should battle for, other than contrary to, Louis XIII. The head individuals and crews denied to accept these instructions and battled contrary to the French.

Parliament was very furious with Charles for carrying Louis XIII. When he inquired for levies of £1,000,000 they only provided him £150,000. They furthermore inquired Charles to dismiss his head minister, George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, as they considered he was at fault of giving the monarch awful advice. Charles denied and rather than disintegrated Parliament.

Charles now had a problem. He was very short of cash, but under the periods of the Magna Carta levies could not be enforced without the affirmation of Parliament. Charles endeavoured raising money in other ways. For demonstration, he provided instructions for Spanish treasure-ships approaching from South America to be robbed.

In 1635 the monarch faced a economic crisis. Unwilling to summon another Parliament, he had to find other modes of lifting money. He determined to holiday resort to the very vintage made-to-order of requiring Ship Money. In the past, when there were doubts of a foreign attack, monarchs were adept to alignment seaboard villages to supply boats or the cash to construct ships.

Charles dispatched out notes to sheriffs recalling them about the likelihood of an attack and instructing them to assemble Ship Money. Encouraged by the large assistance he obtained, Charles claimed more the next year. Whereas in the past Ship Money had been increased only when the kingdom had been endangered by conflict, it now became clear that Charles proposed to inquire for it every year. Several sheriffs composed to the monarch deploring that their shires were being inquired to yield too ...
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