Silent Movie is the generally accepted designation of cinema in the early decades of its history, when the movie came out in theaters simultaneously, without recorded sound. It is the lack of available technical ability to record and simultaneous audio playback was the most important factor that determined the specificity of art films in this period, other limitations (lack of color) were less fundamental (Low, 33-35). The two famous cinematic animators, I have chosen for comparison are J.S. Blackton and Windsor McCay.
James Stuart Blackton
James Stewart was an American film director and producer was born in England. From 1885, he lived in the United States. He was a cartoonist in the newspaper "Evening World." In 1897, he made his first film "The Thief on the roof." His film "break the Spanish flag" (1898) promotes the militarist ideas on the material of the Spanish-American War of 1898. In 1899, he founded the Blekton (with A. Smith and W. Rock) by "Vaytograf." Being a long time the only director, and later artistic director of the firm, determined Blekton her repertoire. Making short films of various genres: detective ("Raflz, cracker-lover", 1905, based on the novel Hornung), adaptation of literary works ("Romeo and Juliet," "Macbeth," "Richard III», 1908, according to Shakespeare), lush historical dramas ("Napoleon", 1909, "The Life of Moses", 1910) and others was one of the pioneers of graphic animation ("Comic expression funny face," 1906, "Magic recorder pen," 1907). The most successful use realistic film "Scenes of everyday life" (1908-12), delivered Blektonom. This film provoked a lot of imitation, especially in Europe. During the 1st World War, Blackton again produced militaristic, nationalistic paintings ("The battle cry of the World", 1915, etc.). By the end, of the silent film Blackton away from directing, editing and doing administrative work in the movies (Maltin, 87-90).
James Stuart Blackton vaudeville artist joined Edison's invention of kicking off the history of animation in the U.S. The animation and animation had been experienced before in America joins Blackton Albert E. Smith next to him take advantage of the stop mechanism of the camera to make appearances and disappearances (a primitive special effects) created ghostly images and solvents, in 1900 and had appeared Blackton performing the act of drawing where the drawing faces quickly changed expression in a short called "the drawing delighted" (which appears at the end of this post) but more formal terminus can talk to Humorous Phases of Funny Faces is the first animated film in America.
James Stuart Blackton considered one of the fathers of animation. In fact, Blackton began as a cartoonist working in vaudeville. Later he got a job as a journalist and so he met Thomas Edison, who introduced him to the gadgets around the illusion of moving images. Blackton combined these new techniques, talent and experience in the theater and, after several experiments, he directed "Humorous Phases of Funny Faces" in 1906. In this short plotless combine successive drawing chalk on slate and stop-motion cut-out shapes. James Stuart Blackton's the man that ...