Starry Night (Dutch: De sterrennacht) is the painting by Dutch post-impressionist Vincent van Gogh. Painting depicts view outside his sanitarium room window at night, even though it was painted from memory during day. Since 1941 it has been in permanent collection of Museum of Modern Art in New York. Frequently reproduced, painting is widely regarded as his magnum opus.
In September 1889, while Van Gogh was staying in Arles, he executed the painting called Starry Night Over Rhone, and later joined the pencil drawing on the set of the dozen paintings on basis of past. Van Gogh said that the "terrible need for religion" when he painted Starry Night over Rhone. In mid-September 1889, after the heavy crisis which lasted from mid-July until late August, thought to include this "Study of Night" in next batch of works to be sent to his brother, Theo, in Paris. To reduce shipping costs, which retained three of studies ("above - Effect of night - - Poppies Moonrise"). These three went to Paris with shipping to follow. As Theo did not immediately report his arrival, Vincent asked again, and finally got Theo's comment in his recent work.
Central part shows town of Saint-Rémy under the swirling sky, in view of applicants to north. Alpilles far most appropriate at this point of view, but there is little relationship between real scene with intermediary hills that seem to arise from the different part of neighborhood, south of asylum. Cypress tree on left was added in composition. Noteworthy is fact that Van Gogh had, during his stay in Arles, repositioned Big Dipper from north to south in his painting Starry Night Over Rhone. • As noted by Simon Singh in his book Big Bang, Starry Night has striking similarities with the picture of Whirlpool Galaxy, made by Lord Rosse 44 years before Van Gogh's work. • Painting has been compared to an astronomical photograph of the star called V838 Monocerotis, taken by Hubble in 2004. Clouds of gas around star patterns resemble swirls of Van Gogh used in this painting. • Art historian Joachim Pissarro starry night cites as an example of artist's fascination with night. Van Gogh was not so happy with paint. In the letter to Theo de Saint-Rémy wrote: " first four canvases are studies without effect of the whole that others have... olives with white clouds and background of mountains, also moonrise and effect of night, are exaggerations from point of view of agreement, their lines are deformed as old wood. "
Later in this letter, Vincent referred once again to painting: "In this entire batch I think nothing good to keep wheat field, mountain, orchard, olives with blue hills and portrait and entrance of mine and rest says nothing to me because it lacks individual intention and sensitivity in lines. When these lines are close and deliberate it begins to be an image, even if ...