Theories Of Leadership & Change

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Theories of Leadership & Change

Theories of Leadership & Change

Leadership in nursing is alive and evident in all nurses who practice in worldwide. The effective leadership in nursing and the health sector is a necessity which has never been more critical for client care, promoting health, policy development and reforms of health care. Development constant nurse leaders and potential leaders at the stage of our history is an imperative. (Booth, 2005, 335)

The health sector reform requires the nurse to produce and play a positive role for changing the current forms of intervention in the health sector and its direct contribution to the health of the population. Nurses to be change agents must understand the social nature of the institutions to which they belong and the nature and speed of social change that contributes significantly to modify the organizational socialization process. (Adams, 2007, 309)


Leadership is a matter of group decision making process to influence an individual or group of individuals in efforts to achieve the objectives in a given situation.

Theories of Leadership

There are broad categories of leadership theories that have emerged from recent efforts to stop research and organize the material available, and they are: 1) theories of personality traits, 2) personal and behavioral theories, and 3) situational theories (Carroll, 2006, 56)

Theory of Personality Traits

For some time researchers have used various personal characteristics leaders as criteria for describing or predicting success. The features that are usually considered are aspect personality and intelligence, although the comparison of these traits personality on leaders has produced no real agreement between the researchers as to which feature is the best feature. (Burnes, 2004, 976)

Theory of Personal Behavior

The best way to classify leaders is through staff way to classify leaders is through the qualities and styles or through personal behavior patterns Various authors have presented theories of leadership that come into the category of Theories of leadership Presented They are based on the analysis of what makes the leader in performing the administrative task.

Administrator often an organization has trouble deciding what type of policy measures is more appropriate to handle a problem determined. Maybe the manager is not sure whether to take the decision personally or delegate to a colleague the authority to make the decision. With In order to know the meaning of leadership behavior in making decisions is able to take quick remedial measures to activities. (Cellars, 2007, 136)

Two-Dimensional Theory

Consideration and initiating structures are dimensions used to describe the characteristics of leadership behavior in organizations; assessed how supervisors think they should behave when performing their duties. (Ancona, 2008, 57)

A leader would get a high score on the scale of consideration, reflected that he had created a work environment characterized by trust mutual respect for the ideas of subordinates, and consideration for feelings themselves. (Marquis, 2006, 87)

A high score on the structure of initiation indicates that the functions of leader and subordinates are structured so that the leader reaches goals. This type of leader is actively involved in planning ...
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