Travel & Tourism Sector

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Travel and tourism Sector

Table of Contents


TASK 1: Understanding the history and structure of travel and tourism sector.1

Key historical developments in the travel and tourism sector1

The structure of travel and tourism sector2

TASK 2: Understanding the influence of local and national governments and international agencies on travel and tourism sector.3

Function of Government, Government sponsored bodies and international agencies in travel and tourism3

Local and national economic policy influences the success of travel and tourism sector4

Implications of political change in travel and tourism sector in different countries.5

TASK3: Understanding the effects of supply and demand for travel and tourism sector5

Factors affecting tourism demand5

Supply to meet the effects of demand5

TASK4: Understanding the impacts of tourism6

Main positive and negative economical, environmental and social impacts of tourism6

Strategies that can be used to minimize the negative impacts while maximizing the positive impacts.8

Conclusion and Recommendations8


Travel and tourism Sector


Tourism has been one of the most prominent and high-profile industry to exist on the face of the earth. Travelling, leisure, recreation, all significantly associated with tourism since people visits different places, exploring all sites and sounds to satisfy their innate need for adventure and peace at the same time. Tourism and recreation have become one of utmost socioeconomic activities of the old continent from the point of view of employment, contribution to GDP, and growth in demand. These activities generate substantial revenue and jobs; promote knowledge of other cultures and leads to the preservation of cultural and natural heritage (Ahn, Lee & Shafer 2002, pp. 1-15).

TASK 1: Understanding the history and structure of travel and tourism sector.

Key historical developments in the travel and tourism sector

Tourism can be defined as trip of an individual or a group of individuals to another country or location, other than their original place of residence for 1 day to 6 months in a year. This definition also includes the commission of at least one night of entertainment, recreation, sports, guest, cognitive, religious and other purposes without the exercise of an activity remunerated from a localized source. Individuals who involved in such trips are called tourist (Ashley, Boyd & Goodwin 2000, pp. 1-12).

Tourism said to have its existence in the eighteenth century. It mainly started as a consequence of industrial revolutions taking place in different parts of the world. Later, tourism taken as a mean for recreation, leisure, culture, health, business or family relationships. Historians are of the opinion that the tourism experience in the West side of the world started from England. People of England indulged in tourism as they thought that it developed life and the soul of the tourist. Initially, it was only the wealthy people who travelled as they had both resources and status to have such voyages. Well-known English preacher Thomas Cook is most famously known as the founder of modern tourism. He offered packaged tours in the mid 19th century; most of his packages targeted the working class. The tours he arranged comprised of journeys to large cities and countryside of the English land he offered abroad tours, ...
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