I would take this opportunity to thank my research supervisor, family and friends for their support and guidance without which this research would not have been possible.
I, [type your full first names and surname here], declare that the contents of this dissertation/thesis represent my own unaided work, and that the dissertation/thesis has not previously been submitted for academic examination towards any qualification. Furthermore, it represents my own opinions and not necessarily those of the University.
Signed __________________ Date _________________
In this study we try to explore the concept of “Trench Warfare” in a holistic context. The main focus of the research is on “Trench Warfare” in “World War I”. The research also analyzes many aspects of “Trench Warfare” and tries to gauge its effect on “European Countries”. Finally the research describes various factors which are responsible for the development of “Trench Warfare”. The study used the mixed method for the analysis of the research question developed. And in the end, the main findings from the respondents were analyzed and discussed.
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION1
Background of the study1
Research Aims and Objectives6
Significance of the study6
CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW8
The war of movement12
The Eastern Front12
Conditions of life in the trenches12
From the North Sea to the Aisne14
CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY17
Literature Selection Criteria18
CHAPTER 4: DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS19
CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION24
Chapter 1: Introduction
Background of the study
The First World War (1914-1918)
The first major conflict of the 20th century occurred and it resulted in the deaths of more than 16 million people and launched a new era of total war. The issues of national and international security would become common during the 20th centuries. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, is often cited as the starting point of the conflict that transformed not only the map of Europe, but also the concept of war itself. The First World War led to the disappearance of three empires, as well as the idea that conflict between modern European societies could be rapid, decisive, and low cost (John, 2001, pp 87). A system of alliances built by more than half of a division of Europe into opposing camps century antagonistic, each of which formulated the plans for war and maintaining large standing armies. Meanwhile, the Industrial Revolution had resulted in the development of the vast resources that, once mobilized, could not be stopped. Add to this the rising nationalist tensions, and the result was a conflict that ultimately claimed the lives of more than eight million combatants and nearly the same number of civilians (Robert, 2001, pp 50). Of greater importance was the shift of power and influence, such as Russian, Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires disappeared from the map of Europe to be replaced by a series of smaller states and the new role of the United States as a world power. Members of the American expeditionary forces with gas masks in the trenches in Lorraine in France during the First World War the use of ...