In this study we try to explore the concept of USA Patriot ACT (2001) in a holistic context. The main focus of the research is on USA Patriot ACT (2001) and its effect on the citizens. The research also analyzes many aspects of USA Patriot ACT (2001) and tries to gauge its effect on Law.
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USA Patriot ACT (2001)4
Description and Analysis4
USA Patriot ACT (2001)
The Patriot Act is a law anti-terrorism was passed by the U.S. Congress and signed by George W. Bush on 26 October 2001. One of the central axes of the long text is to clear the legal distinction between surveys carried out by foreign intelligence services and federal agencies responsible for criminal investigations (FBI) since they involve terrorists abroad. It also creates the status of enemy combatant and unlawful combatant, that allow the government of the United States to detain without limit and without charge anyone suspected of a terrorist plot.
Description and Analysis
The Patriot Act of the United States is an acronym for “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism”. This law was passed by the United States on October 24 2001, following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. In fact, the effect of this law was based substantially on an earlier U.S. law in 1978, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (Act foreign intelligence surveillance), to substantially increase the powers of the U.S. authorities (FBI, CIA, NSA, and U.S. armed forces) for the purpose of obtaining confidential information. At the time of its creation, the Patriot Act in the United States was presented by the U.S. government as a measure that would protect the safety of the U.S. population to unmask terrorist's international presences in the national soil (Brasch 2005, 89).
Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the need and urgency of providing security for the American nation and its people through an Act permitting access to confidential information appeared to be a worthy priority. However, a posteriori, several (including some American groups for the defense of individual liberties) analyzed the possibility of abuse in the application of the Patriot Act in the United States. Since its inception in 2001, the restrictive effects of the law on individual rights and freedoms were discussed. However, few are examining the effects of the international application (Cole 2002, 12). Can this law to have extraterritorial effects, which could affect the privacy of individuals who are not citizens or residents of the United States? Since its passage, the Patriot Act in the United States made it possible U.S. authorities have access to numerous databases containing confidential information on hundreds of thousands of citizens. Beyond its logic applies to citizens and U.S. companies. Could this law allow U.S. authorities access to confidential information about individuals and foreign companies?
This law is a direct result of the attacks of September 11, 2001, greatly strengthens the powers of different government agencies of the United States (FBI, CIA, ...