Workplace safety is a very important aspect of occupational health practice. In 1998, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that approximately 800 000 health care workers (HCWs) in the United States were injured by patient needles and about 2000 of those workers tested positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, 400 for hepatitis B virus (HBV) and 35 for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The World Health Organization has estimated that in developing regions, 40%-65% of HBV and HCV infections in HCWs are attributable to percutaneous occupational exposure.
Employee health and safety is one of the most important legal issues which are faced by organizations. It is necessary that the organization should take care of the employee's health and safety practices. The Employees Health and Safety Act 1947 also ensured that employees should be provided health and safety at work. It also ensures provision of health and safety for anyone who is being affected by work activities (Gammon, 2008).
Employee Health and Safety
A safe working environment requires functional and adequate equipment. Every employee is subject to the use of computer suitable conditions to perform the job task assigned.
Right to full information
Each employee has the right to receive an employee handbook at the time of being hired which contains: A copy of the Bill of Rights Workers in the meatpacking industry. A full description of the salary schedule and benefit plans A description of the position of employment Description of policies on absences Description of work hours Overview of the known risks in this job to position.
Right to understand the information that he provides
An employee is subject to understand his or her rights and obligations. The employer will provide an explanation in the native language of the employees of their rights and duties of person to person orally or through a written manual (Shafie, 1995).
Right to the existing benefits of the Law of the State or Federal Benefits and Rights
Workers Compensation Act has granted certain rights to employees under the Consultation Program for Job Security and Safety underJob Security and Safety Act Occupational Health and Department of Labor of the United States. Employees have the right to understand themselves or through a representative autorizdo, their rights and obligations under these laws. The employer through guidance document or information provided to the employee for information and educates employees about their rights and duties relating to these laws(National Safety Council. 2002).
Right to Nondiscrimination
It is the responsibility of all the individuals to respect and protection. This includes, but is not limited to, the right to equal employment opportunity without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, or disability conducted in an environment free from sexual or physical harassment. Employers must treat with respect to their workers, protect them against discrimination and bullying and harassment enforce the law (Atulomah, 2002).
Lifelong Learning Supervisor
Employers must provide ongoing training opportunities to further develop their skills in the industry changes. Supervisors should have the opportunity to increase their knowledge ...