Genetically modified foods are foods derived from genetically modified organisms. G.E food has introduced some changes into the DNA of genetically modified organisms through genetic engineering the food items. As usually genetically modified foods and products of genetically modified plants: soybean, corn, canola, cotton seed oil, but animal products have been developed? G.E which has produced controversial and researchers to develop a strain of genetically modified pigs that are able to absorption of plant phosphorus more efficiently and as a result of the decreased content of phosphorus fertilizer by 60%.
Genetically Engineered Food
What is genetically engineered food
Genetic modification is the process of artificially transferring information specific to a type of organism to another. For example: In a fish to a tomato, an animal or a plant. (And the choice of combinations you can imagine and can serve some particular purpose)
What are the reasons to make such an exchange? Transfer desirable qualities from one organism to another (The Politics of G.E Food, 15).
How are genetically engineered foods regulated?
The way governments have regulated G.E foods varies. In some countries G.E foods are not yet regulated. Countries which have legislation in place focus primarily on assessment of risks for consumer health. Countries which have provisions for G.E foods usually also regulate G.EOs in general, taking into account health and environmental risks, as well as control- and trade-related issues (such as potential testing and labeling regimes). In view of the dynamics of the debate on G.E foods, legislation is likely to continue to evolve (Vandana, 25).
How widespread are GE foods -are genetically engineered foods safe
Controversies surrounding the principle of “substantial equivalence” also surface in connection with G.EO patent rights. Critics maintain that if G.EOs are identical to the non-G.E products, then the intellectual property rights should not be applied; and if they are not identical, then the principle of substantial equivalence is spurious. Consumer politics also take up the issue of labeling of G.E crops as their right to information. On the grounds of “substantial equivalence,” major companies in the United States have completely ignored the need to label G.E products. Of course, there were practical problems with labeling, such as mixing G.E and non-G.E produce by farmers themselves, extra conscientiousness during various processing stages, and so on. However, consumer groups in the United States maintain that if labeling can be done in Europe, it can certainly be done in the United States.