Aristotle was Greek philosopher and a student of Plato. In 335 BC established the Lyceum. He was the naturalist of the classical period. Aristotle was the most influential of the ancient dialecticians, the founder of formal logic. He created a conceptual system, which still pervades philosophical vocabulary and the style of scientific thinking. Aristotle was the first thinker who created a comprehensive system of philosophy which has captured all aspects of human development: sociology, philosophy, politics, logic, and physics. His views on the ontology had a major impact on the subsequent development of human thought. Metaphysical teachings of Aristotle were made ??by Thomas Aquinas and developed a stochastic method.
Aristotle was born in 384 BC in a small town close to Mount Athos Macedonian called Stagira, hence its nickname, the Stagirite. His father, Nicomachus, was court physician to Amyntas III, father of Philip and, therefore, grandfather of Alexander the Great. Nicomachean belonged to the family of the Asclepiades, who claimed descent from the god father of medicine and whose knowledge was transmitted from generation to generation. This invites us to think that Aristotle was initiated as a child in the secrets of medicine and then came his fondness for experimental research and positive science. He lost his father and mother in his teens, was adopted by Proxenus, which could show their gratitude years after adopting her son, named Nicanor (Hakim, pp. 34).
In the year 367, that is, when he was seventeen years old, was sent to Athens to study at Plato's Academy. It is not known what kind of personal relationship was established between the two philosophers, but, judging from the few references made to each other in their writings, one can not speak of undying friendship. Which, on the other hand, it is logical if one considers that Aristotle would start his own philosophical system by basing it on a deep criticism of the Platonic. Both started from Socrates and his concept of eidos, but the difficulties of Plato to insert his eidetic world, the ideas in the real world forced Aristotle to be shaping up terms like 'substance', 'essence' and 'form' permanently alienate him from the Academy.
Philosophy of Aristotle
Aristotle saw in philosophy a lot of individual sub-disciplines or sciences, so that certain philosophical theories, but could extend over several disciplines, but it did not have to necessarily and not usually did. This principle of the science part differed completely from the views of Plato, "the philosophy of all fields of human knowledge as a comprehensive unified science conceived (Curren pp. 54)." On the concept of the individual sciences, Aristotle now built on his theories. This act of empirical research on the one hand through and secondly through the development and improvement of existing doctrines and theories of his contemporaries. He used it his common sense and the opinion of the general public (doxography). Here are two central theories of Aristotelian philosophy are described, the question of the doctrine of substance or foundation of all being, and the concept of ...