Question 10: Compare and contrast the concepts of nationalism and patriotism.
Nationalism and patriotism both displays the interconnection of people with their nation. Most of the times, these two terms confuse people and society and thus they consider both as the same thing. Though, there is a huge difference betwixt nationalism and patriotism. The meaning of nationalism is to provide more magnitude to unity with the help cultural surroundings, which includes heritage and language (Scheunemann, 2003). At contrast, patriotism is a love for nation which usually emphases over beliefs and values. One of the great journalists, George Orwell said that nationalism is the nastiest opponent of peace. He considered nationalism as a feeling that someone's state or country is higher in all respect to another. However, patriotism is simply a feeling of high regard for a way of life. Both of the Orwell's concept demonstrate that nationalism is little aggressive and patriotism is passive by nature. Nationalism is grounded in resentment and rivalry and Patriotism is founded on affection. People can say that patriotism is grounded on peace and nationalism is militant by nature.
It has been researched that many nationalists presume that their state or nation is better than any other, whereas patriots consider that their nation is best and have chances to be improved in many different ways. Nationalists do not tend to live in friendly relations with other countries, while Patriots likely to believe in good or friendly relations (Spencer & Wollman, 2002). It has been found in patriotism especially that all over the world, people are considered as equal entity, but in the case of nationalism, they means that their own belonging country or state must be considered as one's equal. Moreover, there is a difference in the patriot reaction and nationalist reaction. A patriotic person will be ...