Case Study: Setting Low Expectations Calibration

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Case Study 2

Case Study 2

Executive Summary

Many problems are faced in the educational settings by the students and in order to deal with these problems teachers have to pay more attention to the performance of their students. In order to enhance students' performance and to identify their concerns it is very difficult for the teacher to pay individual attention for every student. As these problems increased with different students from different academic backgrounds and different IQ levels, it resulted in creating problems for the teachers and institutions to deal with these problems. Commercialization and focus on more students also resulted in effecting quality of education. Students lack interest in education and many schools fail to set high expectations. Another negative shift in the educational setting was lowering the standard of education for all students. This lead to failure of students, increase in school dropouts, lack of knowledge and understanding, lack of interest in education, or no concern for completing their education. In such educational setting a student with good performance involves in the problems of high self efficacy belief on the basis of considering him smartest.

Case Study 2: Setting Low Expectations

Calibration: What causes an individual's self-efficacy beliefs to be described as “uncalibrated?”

Calibration is defined as the comparison between two different measures in order to set the standard for the measurement. In this measurement, one device or measure is set for the standard in order to determine the correctness of the system and other is checked according to the known measure or device. On the other hand self efficacy is the measure of person's own believe, which reflects his or her believes, attitudes, attributes and abilities in order to achieve their goals and objectives (Tschannen-Moran & Hoy 2001; Klassen et al 2011). In order to judge these attributes and abilities of a person, there is need to set a standard, which can assist in defining and maintaining quality. This is the reason that calibration is very essential in the educational settings.

The institutions and schools, which are setting low standards for education, are also lowering the students' abilities and attributes by providing them, lower goals or low targets to achieve. With these low targets and low standards it is not possible to assess and identify the potential and abilities for the students. This results in uncalibrated self efficacy, which sets no standard to enhance performance of students. High standards results in settings aims and goals for higher achievements. According to Albert Bandura (1994), self efficacy is ability of a person to work for the achievement of his tasks and goals (Zimmerman & Schunk, 2003). This is based on the theory social cognitive that is associated with development of personality.

How does the student in the case study exemplify the behaviors typical of someone with high self-efficacy beliefs?

In the case study, Malcolm, an eighth grade student in an impoverished community is involved in a misconception about his abilities and academic performances. On the basis of his previous performances and achievements, he considers ...