Conceptual - Theoretical Model

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CONCEPTUAL - THEORETICAL MODEL Conceptual- Theoretical Model

Conceptual- Theoretical Model

Theory Terminology

Theory: One of the most commonly quoted definitions of theory was formulated by Benner (2007). Others also define theory as follows:



(Benner, 2007)

A set of interconnected (concepts), propositions and definitions that demonstrate a taxonomical view of phenomena by determining mutual dealings or connection between variables, with the intention of predicting and explaining the phenomena

(Benner, Tanner, & Chesla, 2008)

An abstract generalization that presents a systematic explanation about the relationships among phenomena

(Chisholm & Ziegenfuss, 2006)

An integrated set of defined concepts and propositions that present a view of a phenomenon and can be used to describe, explain, predict, or control the phenomenon

Table 1.1 Theory terminology

Differentiating Concept, Construct and Proposition


Building blocks of theory; Terms or words that represent some expression of all of your experiences that determine how things appear to you; It may be concrete or abstract.


A term used to show a change that cannot be instantly determined (e.g. wellness, self-esteem) but must be generalized by sure concrete indicators of the development


An assertion or statement of the relation between bstract or general idea. Propositional statements are gained from generalizations theories or from based on empiric data.

Table 1.2 Differentiating Concept, Construct and Proposition

Theoretical Framework

Patricia Benner has supplied necessary understanding of how skills and knowledge are developed and straightly enforced to the practice of nursing, research, administration and education. In distinction from others, her work suggests a arising pertain with the growth of explanatory frameworks for understanding the development of nursing expertise and the nature of nursing practice. Dissimilar that of many of her generation advanced from exercise to a practicable model (Laschinger, & Thomson, 2007).

This led to the publication of the first Benners book in 1984, from beginners to experts and numerous articles. AMICAE Project "interpretation, descriptive studies, which led to the use of Dreyfus' five levels of qualification, to describe the acquisition of skills in the clinical practice of nursing" (Dreyfus, & Dreyfus, 2009).

The model assumes that the person while acquiring and developing skills, passing through five skill levels: beginner, advanced beginner, competent, and experts. Five different levels to reflect changes in three aspects of design experts:

A move from reliance on abstract principles of using concrete experiences of the past; Changes in order to see the situation as a few fragments, for a more complete picture of several factors, and

Impartial observer, the motion of the active translator (McClure, & Sovie, 2006).

Move from beginner to expert characterized the conversion from rule-governed behavior explicit intuitive behavior, context. transition from novice to expert can not be guaranteed, not every nurse becomes an expert.

"Model Dreyfus provides concepts necessary to distinguish between what can be taught in order and that should be examined by comparing the experience of similar and dissimilar cases" (Benner, 2007) It is important to understand that the work of Benner and Dreyfus has been specifically designed to offer a viable alternative to traditional ways of understanding the practices, theories and knowledge, and not devalue science (Dreyfus, & Dreyfus, ...
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