With a population of 24.2 million, Texas is the second most populous state in the United States, and the sixth fastest growing, with a 16.7 percent increase in population between 2000 and 2008. Texas has an unusually young population, with 27.7 percent of the population age 18 or under, second only to Utah. The population is diverse: Texas includes the second largest Hispanic population in the United States (over 8.6 million) and the fourth largest African American population (almost 2.9 million). Inequality is a problem: Texas ranks 9th in terms of residents living below the poverty level, at 16.3 percent, although median household income ($47,548 ranked 28th) and per-capita income ($37,187, ranked 21st) are not low compared to other states.
The fertility rate in Texas is 76.7 per 1,000 women aged 15-44. In 2005 there were 385,537 live births in Texas, of which 4.9 % were to mothers younger than 18, and 27.8 % to unmarried mothers; Texas has the nation's highest teen birth rate. Almost half of births (48 %) were to women on Medicaid. Less than two-thirds (63.7 %) of mothers report receiving prenatal care in their first trimester, and 8.3 % of infants were of low birth weight (less than 2,500 grams, or 5 pounds, 8 ounces at birth). As of 2009, Texas has approximately 583 hospitals, with about 81,009 beds.
Abortion in Texas
Texas is famous in the history of women's rights as the state where the case Roe v. Wade originated. This case originally filed in a U.S. District court in Texas and requested that Norma McCorvey (then referred to as Jane Roe) be permitted to obtain an abortion on the grounds of rape. The case was lost at the District level but was appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, ...