Economic Diversification in Brunei Dar-us-Salam: A case study of KK Wasan Field Rice Project
My thanks go out to all who have helped me complete this study and with whom this project may have not been possible. In particular, my gratitude goes out to friends, facilitator and family for extensive and helpful comments on early drafts. I am also deeply indebted to the authors who have shared my interest and preceded me. Their works provided me with a host of information to learn from and build upon, also served as examples to emulate.
I, [names and surname here], declare that the contents of this dissertation/thesis represent my own unaided work, and that the dissertation/thesis has not previously been submitted for academic examination towards any qualification. Furthermore, it represents my own opinions and not necessarily those of the University.
Signed __________________ Date _________________
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW1
Definition of Economic Diversification1
Economic Diversification Programs2
Theories of Economic Diversification3
Diversification of Brunei Economy6
Problems and Issues in Brunei Economy10
Agriculture - Its Viability As An Economic Sector10
Characteristics/Nature of Paddy Farming Activity in Brunei14
Problems/Issues of Paddy Farming Activity in Brunei15
History of Paddy Farming in Brunei16
Types of Paddy17
Dry and Wet Paddy18
Contribution of Paddy Farming to Brunei Economy18
Subsistence Farming Practices19
Decline in Diversity of Rice20
Dynamics of On-Farm Rice Diversity in Brunei22
Brunei Vs. Other Countries23
Agricultural Policy of Thailand23
Brunei vs. ASEAN Countries25
Problem Of Food Dependence In Brunei26
Food Security as an Issue in Brunei27
Framework for Analysis28
CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW
The study on the “economic diversification in Brunei Dar-Us-Salaam” is an important topic that has been discussed in the past literature to large extent. Brunei is considered to be the country that is largely dependent on its oil and gas sectors for earning large amounts of income. However concerns have been raised by various research agencies and the government institutions about the shortage of oil and gas in the future and heavy dependence of country on these natural resources. The government and other agencies have highlighted the agriculture sector of Brunei as an important sector that the country could depend in the future by promoting different economic diversification programs based on the enhancement of agricultural activities.
Definition of Economic Diversification
The economic diversification has been defined as “the process of introducing large number of diverse resources that the country could depend on in one way or the other at times of financial crisis or economic shocks.” The economic diversification is need to enhance the generation of government revenues, employment, export receipts, income, wealth etc. Thus the economic diversification can be taken as the enhancement of not only the GDP growth but also the enhancement of other variables including the employment and fiscal revenues. This process of diversification can be brought into any sector of the economy that is gas /oil sector or any other sector in order to diversify the economy growth. In case of Brunei, the economic diversification should be brought in diverse range. Being a small economy and a heavy reliance on oil and gas sector, the country should make itself dependent ...