Health Advocacy Campaign

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Health Advocacy Campaign

Health Advocacy Campaign

Identification of the Problem

In childhood the frequency of infectious diseases is high, Moreover, the child's participation in the activities of a community setting school or sports or other increases the risk for contracting. While, in fact, in the home the majority of contacts are represented by adults, generally immune to many of the infectious diseases, in a child community increases the probability of infection for the presence of many susceptible individuals and sometimes with infection (Jeri, 2008).

The containment of infectious diseases contracted in the community is based on the application of some simple and effective measures. Besides prevention through vaccination, in fact, the transmission of infectious diseases can be stopped with a few simple hygiene measures aimed at children and staff of community child and that are regulated by specific legislation (Jeri, 2008). Finally, the application of the correct procedures for monitoring and reporting of infectious diseases is a useful measure because the interventions mentioned above.

The leading role of the pediatrician in the professional community child is stressed by action "on the ground" of this professional who works closely with other professionals in the area. The specific expertise in the field of promotion of child health is reflected in the management of the patient with an infectious disease in the community, and the readmission of the child cured of these diseases. In this regard, it is important to consider that there are no absolute standard operating procedures, but each specific situation must find a balance between the evidence of effectiveness of the measures to be applied, the particulars of the law, and their feasibility. This balance can only be found through an open discussion among practitioners in the child and the territory that must share its principles (Jeri, 2008).

Modes of Transmission and Prevention of Infection

There are different modes of transmission of infectious diseases. There is talk of direct transmission when the microorganism is in contact with an input port such as the skin or mucous membranes or through the droplets of saliva> 5 micrometers in diameter that are issued with sneezing or coughing. They differ from indirect transmission when the organism is "carried" by a vehicle inanimate, biological, or animal. In this case the contaminated surfaces, foods, animal vectors (for example, insects) act as a "transporter" (Jeri, 2008). Finally, the airborne transmission occurs by the diffusion of the microorganisms through saliva droplets of diameter <= 5 micrometers, which have the property to remain suspended in the air.

Occurs because the transmission of an infection should occur three necessary conditions: a) the infectious agent must be present in the environment or for the presence of an infected individual or for the presence of organic fluids contaminated, or for their presence in ' air or on a surface, b) a person susceptible to the pathogen must come into contact with them, and c) exposure modes must be those that allow the transmission of infectious disease.

Pathogens transmitted by the respiratory route are issued by the individual who ...
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