Historical Landmarks Up 1945

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Historical Landmarks Up 1945 and the Development of Welfare State

Historical Landmarks Up 1945 and the Development of Welfare State


This report discusses the concept of social policy and its implications on the society. It describes the debate that has existed ever since the emergence of social policy about its role in a social setup and how it affects the individual members of the society. The paper reflects upon the views that exist about the contribution that social policy makes to a society. It takes into account the present literature and research work encompassing the historical landmarks up 1945 that led to the development of welfare state. Further, we will discuss the types of social care policies that evolved after world war to up to 1979, and thereafter the Thatcher years up to the present time, and the subsequent consequences and outcomes associates with these.

Learning outcome 1 P1: Identify key historical landmarks in social welfare focusing on the period up to 1945?

The development of this Welfare state owed much, in principle at least, to the influence of the Beveridge Report of 1942. William Beveridge emphasized the need to support and develop voluntary community initiatives that promote social reformirovaniyu.Takim way, William Beveridge has extended the previous notion of the "welfare state", which was interpreted as a state that provides a range of social services for people who can not care currently own (the elderly and the elderly, children, single mothers, widows, disabled, etc.) to the concept of social insurance, based on the right of all citizens have a guaranteed income and resources, which are provided by the state without any obstacles. Based on this interpretation, especially in politics, "welfare state" became reducing the negative impact of market economy on the financial and social security vulnerable people.

As part of the development of the "welfare state" in the UK created a system of social services, designed for three main categories of citizens. The first category included social services, assisting in receiving old-age pensions, housing allowance, additional payments to poor families, etc. These services are engaged in activities which in the past 300 years was associated with the execution of the laws of the poor. In this case, funding was provided through state funds. The second category consisted of Social Security. They manage to provide health insurance, payment of funded pensions, survivor's pension, unemployment benefits and other sources of funding these benefits are payments that have been made by the employees during their working life. The third category included social services, designed to protect workers in case of sickness, unemployment, accidents, etc.

As an extension of the Beveridge Report of 1942, Labour in power will seek to break with the Victorian spirit in establishing a welfare state. Between 1945 and 1948, six important regulations will be adopted:

The National Insurance Act: it makes insurance compulsory for all UK residents. The 20 million employees benefit when the same benefits: unemployment insurance, health insurance, maternity and child care, retirement at age 65 for men ...