History Of Romania

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Historical Importance of Romania

Historical Importance of Romania

The royal dictatorship of Carol II was instituted in February 11 1938, by a government led by Patriarch Miron Cristea. The Constitution was repealed and replaced with a new one which came into force on 27 February, by which all powers were concentrated in the hands of the king and parliament had only auxiliary role of legislative institutions. By a decree law were abolished all political parties and form a single party called the National Renaissance Front. It formed a crown council, which had but a consultative. At the same time measures for the establishment and strengthening of royal dictatorship were arrested and a number of leaders legionaries then were executed by order of King on November 30 1938. Among the 13 legionnaires was assassinated and their head Corneliu Codreanu.

Another king to control the movement of Romanian politics was the creation of the Nation Party June 22 1940 the head of which sat himself. Carol dictatorial regime crisis triggered by the Vienna Award which was kidnapped north west Romania Transylvania ended with the abdication of the king on September 6, 1940. World War II began on September 1 1939 when the German army invaded Poland. This was employed in less than three weeks. On 3 September 1939 Franceand Great Britain declared war on Germany. Romania adopts neutrality September 4, a decision approved by the Crown Council on September 6. Hungarian Foreign Minister Istvan Csaky said in September 5th U.S. representative in Budapest that Hungary will not declare neutrality, even more if the opportunity will arise will act to force revision in Transylvania.

On 27 September ended the Soviet-German treaty that established their borders and the two shared the territory of Poland. Following the conclusion of bilateral Soviet troops installed on September 28 in Estonia, on October 5 in Latvia and October 10 in Lithuania. How Soviet demands required revision of boundariesFinland in September 14 were treated with a refusal to November 30 1939 USSR invaded Finland.

On 9 April 1940 Germany invaded Denmark they occupy four hours. Then was attacked and Norway and with all Franco-British intervention forces, the Germans managed to achieve. On May 10 Germany invaded the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg while the English army occupy Iceland. Dutch army surrendered onMay 25, and the Belgian on May 28. The first Soviet ultimatum which required USSR Bessarabia and Bukovina held on June 26th 1940. On June 27 the German government "advises" the one in Romania to succumb to Soviet demands. On the night of June 27/28 1940 received the second Soviet ultimatum, after which the Romanian government decided evacuate Bessarabia and Bukovina. Evacuation Romanian army and administration was accompanied by anti-Romanian actions of Soviet and communist groups. Two thirds of Bessarabia were glued a small part of USSR to form the new Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, the rest being stitched Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Soviet occupation campaigned destruction of the Romanian national being mass deportations and interzicearea Romanian ...
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