Interventions To Control Higher Levels Of Glucose In Gestational Diabetes

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Interventions to control higher levels of glucose in gestational diabetes


Background: The extent of gestational diabetes mellitus is increasing day by day in every part of the world. Gestational diabetes is directly associated with the increased risk for the lives of mother and child during the period of pregnancy. The goal of the study is to review the literature and published article to evaluate the most significant intervention to control higher levels of glucose during gestational diabetes.

Methods: The study has reviewed the published article related to the effects and interventions of the gestational diabetes. Meta-analysis of studies and intervention is also beneficial to help study. The inclusion criteria of the study were pregnant women, interventions related to the prevention of GDM, and outcomes related to interventions. Exclusion criteria of the study were the patient suffering from any other chronic medical condition, and any form of existing diabetes.

Results: Various interventions, recommendations, and their limitations are compared to the ideal health care of the patient. Improved dietary plans have been evaluated as the most significant intervention to prevent higher levels of glucose.

Conclusion: The findings of the study evaluated that the there is a great importance of the dietary plans to reduce the higher levels of glucose and is considered as the most significant intervention for the prevention of gestational diabetes.

Interventions to control higher levels of glucose in gestational diabetes1


Interventions to control higher levels of glucose in gestational diabetes4






Evidence Summary8



Interventions to control higher levels of glucose in gestational diabetes



Gestational diabetes is a critical medical condition, which refers to the high level of glucose during the period of pregnancy. High levels of glucose usually find in the third trimester of pregnancy. A number of studies have been conducted to rule out the extent, complications, and most suitable intervention to treat gestational diabetes. It is evaluated that about 3 to 6% of women are prominent to gestational diabetes during the third trimester of their pregnancy. Many studies have also described that the process is still unclear for gestational diabetes mellitus. Major causes of gestational diabetes may include the insulin resistance, increased formation of placental hormones, and increased deposition of fats during pregnancy. Placental hormones include cortisol, somatomamotropin, and progesterone. Numerous studies have also shown that increased level of inflammatory markers, tumor necrosis factor, and C-reactive protein are also associated with the prevalence of gestational diabetes. It is not a simple condition because gestational diabetes may enhance the risk of many conditions in the fetus. These risks include the hazard of macrosomia, trauma, respiratory distress, prematurity, and even death. The rate of maternal morbidity is also associated with gestational diabetes (Asemi, Tabassi, Samimi, Fahiminejad & Esmailzedeh, 2012).

Another study has revealed that gestational diabetes is occurred by the intolerance of carbohydrate that results in the high levels of the sugar during pregnancy. Carbohydrate is a major dietary source for the development of the brain in the fetus. Woman requires about 175g of carbohydrate in a day that will help the fetus to develop its ...