Jewish Resistance By Jewish Organisations In Nazi Occupied Europe Between 1940 And 1945

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Jewish resistance by Jewish organisations in Nazi occupied Europe between 1940 and 1945

Jewish resistance by Jewish organisations in Nazi occupied Europe between 1940 and 1945


Between 1933 and 1945 many thousands of people resisted the Nazis, both violent as peacefully. In Germany, among the first opponents of the Nazis found themselves communists, socialists, and union leaders. Although the leaders of the major religious denominations supported the ideology of the Nazi regime and its policies, or they aquiescessem, some theologians do not accept violence, such as Dietrich Bonhoeffer, who opposed them and was executed in 1945. There was also resistance to the Nazi regime among conservative members of the German elite, and also in small pockets of opposition within the German General Staff itself. In July 1944, a coalition formed by members of these groups attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler, but was not successful.

Resistance also occurred outside Germany, the areas occupied by the Nazis. In France, General Charles de Gaulle openly preached that if he did against the collaborationist Vichy regime. After the Germans occupied Denmark in April 1940, a Danish anti-occupation movement started its operations in that country (Suhl, 1967). Its activities consisted in the elimination of informers, raiding German military installations, and sabotage of railway lines. In February 1941, entered the Dutch population in general strike in protest against the arbitrary imprisonment and brutal treatment of Jews. Across Europe, resistance movements victual forged documents for people who were in danger or They arranged hiding places and escape routes for them.

Besides the Jewish resistance, members of other groups of victims resisted the Nazis. In May 1944, the SS guards ordered the prisoners Roma to leave their tents in the camp they lived in Auschwitz, probably to take them to the gas chambers, but armed with knives and axes, the Roma refused to leave, and the SS retreated. In a show of great spiritual strength, many witnesses German, and also from other countries, resisted Nazism defiantly: some refusing to serve in the German army and many others who, despite being prisoners in concentration camps, organized religious study groups, despite the ban (Oliner, 1992).

Other forms of non-violent resistance included the shelter given to Jews, often at risk of their lives, listening to radio Allied Forces, who were forbidden programs, and producing clandestine anti-Nazi publications. Even facing the terrible Nazi repression and violence, many of these acts of resistance failed to prevent German actions against the Israelites, saving their lives and helping them maintain hope (Suhl, 1967).


The persecution and extermination of Jews, carried out and encouraged by the Nazis, made some Germans of the Third Reich, as well as other European groups in the occupied areas, reacted and started to offer resistance to the regime. Even though the main victims of the Nazis, the Israelites also resisted oppression in various ways, both collectively and individually (Ainsztein, 1974).

The armed resistance organizations were the most energetic opposition of the Jews to Nazi policies in occupied Europe by Germany through. Israeli civilians resisted armed form in over 100 ...