Criminology is a body of rules and regulations created by political authorities and agencies to enforce on the members of a country or community. You can find hundreds of academic papers on various subtopics of Law in Researchomatic‘s largest database of sample academic papers.
has the World's largest database of Criminology topics that help Students, Researchers & Teachers develop multiple academic product
Criminology: Quiz 4
Criminology: Quiz 4
Any study concerned with criminal justice and crime refers to criminology. Crime is about breaking laws or rules established by governing authorities. Crimes may result in unenforced, cautions, and rehabilitation. Societies may differently define crime. The main function of criminology is crime prevention. In this paper I am going to discuss feminist perspective on crime, differences between “modern” and “postmodern” criminological thought, and critic on cultural criminology along with major points reaffirmed in New Criminology. The purpose of writing this paper is to give readers an efficient understanding on different concepts of criminology.
Feminist Perspectives on Crime
There are multiple perspectives that fall under the teaching of feminism, each of which engages different assumptions about oppression of women and source of gender inequality. There are five main perspectives according to the feminist theory (Amanda, 2006).
The first one is liberal feminism that states that social roles of men (e.g., Aggressive m and competitive) are afforded more power and social status than roles of women (e.g., passive and nurturing). Liberal feminists view offending of women as a function of gender role socialization and men are more offensive than women because lack of socialization freedom that give women less opportunities to involve in deviance. Second is radical feminism that identifies male dominance or patriarchy as the main factor behind oppression of women. Or we can say that discrimination is experienced by women because of social interaction and social relations are shaped by male privilege and power. Within criminology, radical feminists frequently discuss patriarchy manifestations in crime against women such as rape, pornography, domestic violence, and sexual harassment.
The third is Marxist feminism which states that subordinate class status of women may force them to commit crime to support themselves economically. Fourth perspective is socialist feminism, according to this perspective the causes of crime are examined by socialist feminists within the context of class based system of power and interacting gender. Last perspective is postmodern feminism in which postmodern feminists interrogate the social construction of concepts like deviance, crime, and deviance.
Difference between “modern” and “postmodern” criminological thought
Modern criminology is the study of offenders in 2nd level and takes into account the social situations around people. In modern criminology there is an expansion of the object of study, from studying just the offense and the offender to the victim and study social control, appearing to turn the idea of prevention. Post modern criminology is more focused in social justice as compare to criminal justice (Arrigo, 1998). Post modern criminology search for various ways to keep society with enough order to serve needs of human along with maintenance disorder to permit creativity, flexibility, change, and adaption. This criminology concerned with crime prevention as with theorizing and charting.
Cultural criminology is an interventionist, theoretical and methodological approach to study crime that tries to understand crime in context of culture. It vies agencies of control and crime as products of culture. Cultural criminology draw attention to how crime constructions and effected by ...