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Mao's Ideological Beliefs and the Communist Success in 1949

Mao's Ideological Beliefs and the Communist Success in 1949


The paper will have an in depth discussion on the fact that Mao's ideological beliefs are the foundation of the communist success in 1949. We have to analyse the extent to which Mao's ideological beliefs had formed the foundation of Communist success in 1949. The foundation of the Communist success in 1949 has often been credited to Mao Zedong's ideological beliefs by the historians; however, some of the historians have also attributed this success to a range of other factors such as foreign intervention, GMD weaknesses, the Red Army, Mao's pragmatic policies, etc. the ideology of Mao on which the communist success is based is also known as Maoism.

The accession to Mao Zedong's power was often likened to a new heavenly mandate, which was acquired from years of guerrilla and political activism among the peasant masses, the state which he helped to establish as a modern imperial dynasty. After the establishment of the Chinese Soviet Republic in Jiangxi in the year 1931, during the Long March between October 1934 and October 1935, Mao acquired the title of undisputed head of the CCP Chinese. Some observers believed that the State established around the Chinese Communist Party in 1949 in contradiction with the management of a modern state. He has been officially criticised and condemned to a certain extent by the CCP after his death; however, he managed to retain the country's liberation and founded the People's Republic of China.

The paper will look on the history and background of the situation in the year 1949, by particularly focusing on the political situation of the country of China. Mao Zedong has played a significant role in the political history of communism, especially in China.


The ideological beliefs of Mao which are known as Maoism are the variant of the communist ideology. Maoism, as a distinct ideology, was revealed in 1958 as the proclamation of the course 'three red flags', which was an alternative to Soviet communism road construction. Maoism adopted such Communist parties in Albania, China, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, India, Cambodia (Khmer Rouge), Burma, Nepal (Communist Party of Nepal), Australia and Peru. The strongest influence has gained by the Maoists in Western Europe, Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway and Portugal. Among the Polish communist supporter of Maoism was Kazimierz Mijal and modern organisation of Red Guards. Maoism also inspired some of the movements in the developed capitalist countries in May 1968, and the guerrilla organisations in many Third World countries.

Maoists now exercise democratic governance in Nepal, since the overthrow of the authoritarian monarchy in 2007. Nepalese Maoists did not cooperate with the authoritarian PRC authorities and considered them as the ideals of traitors. In Portugal, the Maoists were the initiators of the Carnation Revolution but because of its radicalism, it never gained significant support in the election.

The Theory and Its Impact in China

The greatest significance of the Maoist theory reached in its home country, which is the ...