Luther King organized and led marches for voting rights for African Americans, desegregation, the right to work and other basic human rights and, on occasion, was arrested. In 1957, Luther helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a peace group which would be president until his death created to actively participate in the Civil Rights movement organizing African American churches in nonviolent protests. Despite the surveillance to which he subjected the FBI, Martin Luther King continued the nonviolent protests that took its reference in the press (Paul and Samuel, 1970).
On the other hand, Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) was known by many authors, as "a paragon of honesty, wisdom, wit, patience, ingenuity and determination, is still designated as the symbol of the good citizen, the citizen-type, for a republic of hope." The politician, scientist and inventor who became a U.S. diplomat, left mankind an important legacy in his works, and we wonder why the term of his thought, particularly the full validity today maintains this list of virtues tried to cultivate and develop in its existence as a leader and citizen. He brought 13 values in society including temperance, silence, order, resolution, frugality, diligence, sincerity, justice, moderation, cleaning, tranquility, chastity and humility (Brands, 2000).
Martin Luther grew up during the Italian Renaissance, a time when Italy began moving from Medieval to Modern times, a time of tension in the political and economic arenas. The Italian Renaissance marked the rebirth of republicanism and capitalism. Luther also grew up during the Northern Renaissance, at which time the introduction of Nationalism took place. Nationalism based itself on controlling the businessmen, aristocrats, and the church. At the same time capitalism began growing rapidly and the serf's established a bank, built sometime between 1200 and 1500 (Paul and Samuel, 1970).
Writer, scientist and American politician of the eighteenth century, Benjamin Franklin remains one of the most popular characters in the history of the United States. Humanist to look nice and undeniable diplomatic skills, he managed to conquer many intellectuals British, American and French. His political activities have brought about social undoubtedly played a decisive role in the birth of the United States of America. Self-taught and curious, he is interested in fact in writing and copies of many texts Addison to enhance its literary style. Humanist and Freemason, he believes that education and culture should be accessible to all (Lemay, 2006).
Born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, Luther Martin was a prominent lawyer, attorney general of Maryland (1778), member of the Second Continental Congress (1785), and a delegate to the Constitutional Convention (1787). Martin graduated with honors from the College of New Jersey in 1766. Following matriculation, Martin taught school in Maryland for three years and, in 1770, became superintendent at a grammar school in Virginia while studying law. Martin supported the resistance movement (1764-75) to imperial regulation and the cause of independence in the Revolutionary War (1775-83). An advocate of states' rights, Martin walked out of the ...