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The thought creating system of Karl Marx (1818-1883) gives the fundamental approach to human society is named as Marxism. The philosopher of nineteenth century, Karl Marx, introduced theories regarding policies and principals of economical, political and social life which were known as Marxism. These theories have incorporated the belief of struggle in social classes. Marxism can be defined as the speculation and application of socialism. Marxism is an understating of political ideology that persists the history of materialism in the society. The Class Struggle and Materialism are base ideas of Marxism which generate many themes related to historical, political, economic and social aspects of the world. In modern world Marxism has had an exceptional impression. It has developed a thought provoking chain in proportion of history.

Incalculable followers appeared on the stage of Marxism who added intellectual approach in the respective context. The intellectual approach of the Marxists extended novelty to develop strength of Marxism. Various forms of Marxism are added and extended in the phenomena of socialism. In Soviet Union, France, China and Germany; the Marxism tradition is distinctive. Each of them debate on different school of thoughts. Moreover, Marxism is hit to be merged into various schools of thoughts which is adding to excel neo-Kantian, psychoanalytic, existentialist, structuralist and so on. These school of thoughts are interpertaining Marxism. Hence Marxism is an endless interpretation with alive body of consideration that is maintaining its emergence in new appearances to enhance novelty in literature and realism.


The theories, materialism and socialism, of Marxism are the amalgamation of various themes that are interconnected with each others' themes or sub themes. The Marxism is considered as the philosophy of human history and doctrine of economic importance. It explains the procedural changes of society. It is deemed that only Marxists have analytical instruments which help to understand the changes in history and also have means to predict the future. According to Marx, “Communism is the riddle of history solved.”Engels uttered that Marx had found out the law of developing human history as Darwin had discerned the law of developing organic nature. A Marxist philosopher, Plekhanov, defines Marx's view of socialism in common that socialism is more a world outlook than an economic doctrine.Following are the theories of Marxism; these have been discussed by identifying their themes and sub themes within.

Theme (s) related to Socialism in Marxism

As a political theory Marxism has two important folds which identify hindrance in creating a class less society. These folds are identified as the idea of materialism in Marxism. They are Capitalism and Communist society. The human history is definitely explained on the bases of its politics and economy. Marxism exposes the fold of Capitalism that exists due to inherence of economic and political contradictions. The Capitalist class seeks its private and confidential profit in productive economy while low class or working class struggles to contribute fairly in production. Capitalist class, on behalf of inherited economic and political strength, influences the struggle of working ...
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