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This paper aims at presenting the impacts of media presentation of body images on the adolescents and how it is leading to eating disorders. Several theories have been proposed in an effort to explain why eating disorders are, but no evidence has been named as the main cause of any eating disorder. Most modern theorists believe that biological, social, cultural and psychological factors interact to contribute to the development and maintenance of eating disorders. With the help of this qualitative secondary research, it is evident that it is important to focus this study on emerging adults in college, as they are particularly prone to experiencing body dissatisfaction and depression. Also, college students endorse alarming rates of body image disturbance, but females are more prone to experiencing eating pathology and body dissatisfaction relative to males, as well as showing a more robust relationship between these disturbances and depressive.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 01: INTRODUCTION1
Purpose of Study3
CHAPTER 02: LITERATURE REVIEW6
Body Image/Satisfaction Conceptualized6
Correlates of Body Satisfaction6
Problems in Academic Functioning7
BMI and Weight9
Appearance investment, size estimation, and body shape discrepancies10
The Media and Body Satisfaction Size of individuals in the media11
Exposure time to media14
Importance of media influences on body dissatisfaction15
CHAPTER 03: METHODOLOGY23
Pitfalls and Problems24
Rationale for a Qualitative Study24
CHAPTER 04: DISCUSSION26
CHAPTER 05: CONCLUSION30
Media Influence on Women's Reaction to Body Self-Image31
Socio-cultural Attitudes towards Appearance (Awareness, Internalization, and Perceived Pressures)32
CHAPTER 01: INTRODUCTION
Body image, also referred to as body satisfaction, is a view of one's overall physical appearance (Altabe & Thompson, 1996). Having poor body image, or greater body dissatisfaction, has been shown to be a risk factor for depression (e.g., Santos, Richards, & Bleckley, 2007), eating disturbances (Tylka, 2004), and problems in academic functioning (Yanover & Thompson, 2008a; Yanover & Thompson, 2008b). For example, 50% of college females report dissatisfaction with their bodies (Monteath & McCabe, 1997), and 25-40% demonstrate problematic eating and dieting behaviors (Schwitzer et al, 2008). Moreover, college students have been shown to be an especially vulnerable population to the effects of body dissatisfaction and depression, with longitudinal studies indicating that 20 percent of college age students exhibit suicidal at some point (Abramson et. al, 1998).
Further, females have been shown to have greater body dissatisfaction (Altabe & Thompson, 1993) and to engage in more social comparison relative to males (Jones, 2001). Finally, perceived physical attractiveness for females has also been shown to be associated with weight and ...