“new Testament Theology; Many Witnesses, One Gospel” By I. Howard Marshall

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“New Testament Theology; Many Witnesses, One Gospel” by I. Howard Marshall

Table of Contents


II.Jesus, The Synoptic Gospels And Acts4

III.The Pauline Letters6

IV.The Johannine Literature8

VI.Hebrews , James, 1-2Peter and Jude12



“New Testament Theology; Many Witnesses, One Gospel” by I. Howard Marshall


A- The New Testament theology as a distinct discipline has grown based on the teachings of the Reformation, focusing on the theological content of the Bible itself. It focuses on the theological positions that we can find in various texts of the New Testament. The New Testament is a collection of twenty-seven books written by over a dozen authors with diverse theological convictions. The books were written between circa 50 ce and 150 ce. Along with the Hebrew Bible, they are the normative scriptures of the Christian churches. They gained that status only after a long and complex process; the shape of the collection took definitive form for most churches only in the fourth century.

B- Neither Jesus nor the early Christians knew anything of a New Testament. Their Bible was the Jewish Bible alone. Originally, Christian traditions were oral, and a preference for the oral over the written lived on into the second century. However, during the last thirty or so years of the first century ce, traditions about Jesus came to be transmitted in written sources that were read at Christian gatherings. Concurrently, some communities began to use several Pauline epistles in their gatherings. Gradually, then, theological and moral authority came to be embodied in written Christian texts (Ehrman, 2000). However, since different writings were read in different places, and because the diversity in the early church was considerable, there was often disagreement over which texts to privilege. New Testament texts were written and then compiled it, because by the works and words of Jesus, God's love is manifested unique way. The focus of the New Testament is not a collection of doctrinal teachings th, not a set of laws and regulations, not a series of assertions of some, but a man - Jesus of Galilee (Craig, 2009).

C- In this paper, we will be summarizing the book “New Testament Theology; many Witnesses, One Gospel”, by Howard Marshall. Also, we will be discussing what we have learned from the book and what role does the book play in the life of the reader. This paper is based on the six sections (parts) and each part will highlight the key elements in the chapters.

D- In the New Testament, the term "gospel" never refers to writing, but an oral proclamation. It is the proclamation of the Good News. Moreover, this term is found in the singular, as we speak of the four gospels, apart from those who are called the Apocrypha. The twenty-one letters of the New Testament are very diverse in their literary style: the ticket sent to staff a particular Christian writing until close to the impersonal theological treatise, through a personal letter to an entire community. It is a work of revelation whose genre is close to the prophecy: the Christian message is ...