Refugees And Asylum

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Refugees and Asylum in the United Kingdom

Refugees and Asylum in the United Kingdom


United Kingdom has conventionally been one of the most liked emigration country, but since World War II it has become a country of net asylum. The turning point came with the postwar need for workers and resulting immigrations from New Countries of Commonwealth, which have transformed United Kingdom into a multicultural society. This transformation has not been painless, and successive governments have struggled to balance the conflicting pressures of political tensions, social justice, and the economic demands of the labor market. The outcome has been tighter controls on asylum and a redefinition of citizenship of the UK. Attempts by governments to manage asylum have been made more difficult by a substantial rise in the numbers of asylum seekers since the 1990s. This paper critically analyzes and evaluates the main elements of the definition of a refugee and the criteria for excluding a claimant from the protection afforded by the convention in connection with current legal norms (case law, Country of origin information (COI), Qualification Directives and RQR 2006, UNHCR Handbook, immigration rules and statutes).

Definition Of Refugee

According to art 1A(2) as amended by the Protocol a refuges is the one who:

“Due to a well-founded fear of persecution for reason of religion, political opinion race, membership of a particular social group, or nationality, is not in his national country and is incapable or, who, not having a valid nationality and being out of the country of his previous regular home or because of such fear, is reluctant to gain the security of that country …is incapable or as a result of such fear, is reluctant to go back to the country”.

Stateless Person

A stateless person does not have any nationality or citizenship. As a subject of worldwide law, nationality and citizenship are in agreement, even though there can be variations between the concepts of nationality and citizenship in the law. According to law, any stateless person is the one who is not believed as a national by any country in the function of the law.

Asylum is given in relation with the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. Asylum is safety arranged by a country to an individual who is escaping maltreatment in their native country. The United Kingdom has a spectacular practice of offering a home of protection for real refugees. Yet, UK is firm on declining shelter to those who do not actually require it. UK takes action to eliminate the persons who are noticed to have made fake assertions.

The British Nationality Act was adopted at a time when the British economy was ravaged by war, when intercontinental travel was expensive, and before any significant colonial migration had begun. An unintentional result was that CUKC became the legal basis for a mass, nonwhite migration to the United Kingdom. By the early 1950s, the British economy had recovered; the country faced a labor shortage; and transportation infrastructures had ...
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