U.S. health care system is represented by independent services at three main levels, a family medicine, hospital care and public health. Medical services in the U.S. are private individuals and legal entities. Various commercial, charitable and government organizations offer patients both outpatient and inpatient services. About 47% of all U.S. health care costs are the costs of hospital care, about 2% - home care, 10% - medication and 10% - for the maintenance of nursing homes. The remaining 11% cover services of dentists, ophthalmologists and other specialists (Mercedes, 2010).
American healthcare is considered as one of the most costly healthcare sector that provides healthcare services to the citizens of United States. The purpose of this paper is to enlighten the basic services provided by the healthcare system of United States. This paper explores and compares healthcare system of United States with other industrialized countries (Mercedes, 2010). This paper also discusses the cost of the healthcare services provided in United States of America and how they can be made affordable to the individuals of the society. Finally, this paper enlightens the evolution and reform of the private healthcare insurance and its effect on the cost and quality of the healthcare services in United States.
Family physicians examine and observe patients, and if necessary refer them to narrow specialists or in hospital. Hospitals or hospitals - the largest component of health care dollars. Inpatient care is the most expensive and important component of the healthcare industry in the country (Pierce, 1996). Outpatient services are slowly but surely replacing inpatient care and home care - stay in their homes for the elderly. In the U.S., operates two types of hospitals: having the right to property, often controlled by large private corporations, and nonprofit hospitals that are managed by county and state authorities, religious communities or independent civil society organizations.
In the U.S. as in other countries, the concept of ambulatory care includes medical services, without hospitalization, which accounts for a large share of medical assistance to the population. Home treatment is mainly produced by nursing organizations and is usually ordered by physicians. The private sector outpatient care is represented by personal physicians (specialists in internal and family medicine, pediatricians), narrow specialists, such as gastroenterology, cardiology, pediatric endocrinology, as well as nurses and other medical personnel.
Discussion and Analysis
Basic Level of Health Care
There is no doubt that the basic health care, represent the first level of contact of individuals, family and community health system and national, which makes health care as close as possible to places of living and working individuals, which represents the first component of the health care process ongoing, and include a specific set of basic services that provide treatment, a cost-effective impact of important health problems for residents in addition to the prevention of disease and improving health behavior in an integrated and socially acceptable, with a focus on the participation of families and communities has gone through basic care process of evolutionary network services to reach service ...