Approaches To Counselling

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Approaches to Counselling

Approaches to Counselling


The main purpose of this paper is to make a discussion on the issue that how the psychodynamics and cognitive behaviour approaches counselling understand the person, and how these two approaches explain psychological distress experienced individuals. The paper also makes discussion that out of these two models, which model appeals me.


Psychodynamic theory has its consideration to be a very successful theory in terms of counselling. Psychodynamic therapy refers to a form of psychotherapy, in which our unconscious mental dynamics is central to the work. Pathogenic personal attitudes need to be recognized by the therapy, thereby losing explosiveness. The museum aims to differentiate further, it has its intention to recognize the psychological reasoning behind psychic and somatic symptoms, endure and learn to cope. Psychodynamic therapy is a common term in America, better known as "depth psychology based psychotherapy," which it intends to (Butler, 2000, p. 1).

By psychodynamic therapy is next to the recognition of unconscious motivations also improving mental structure, to achieve the personality structure. Typically, we can allow such a treatment by our inner conflicts better recognize, endure and overcome. It is about processes that take months to years. The criticism of the psychodynamic approach refers mainly to the fact that the explanation of behaviour in the interaction mainly or solely from the personality structures of the players there and situational factors have complete ignorance (Kendall, 2002, p. 91). The type of psychotherapy we do is that which has proved effective for the type of problems we treat. In general psychodynamic psychotherapy has its usage incorporating the valuable contributions of cognitive psychology and neuroscience. There are few data needed for comparisons involving a psychodynamic approach. There is no evidence that psychodynamic therapy has a positive effect, and possible adverse effects seem not to have ever seen. It is possible that the psychodynamic approach more acceptable to people than a more cognitive therapy to adapt to reality. Psychodynamic therapy is an intervention that can be classified as one of the therapies of "conversation." The relationship between the person seeking treatment and the therapist forms the main component of therapy (Haynes, 2000, p. 32). Its usefulness for people with schizophrenia as a single treatment without medication has not been thoroughly evaluated, with the exception of three studies in the early decades of 1970 and 1980 (Foa, 2001, p. 77). On the basis of the few studies available, it is clear that medication is an important part of any treatment for people with psychotic illnesses and should be used in combination with any treatment of conversation. Psychodynamic psychotherapy is defined as regular individual therapy sessions with a psychotherapist or therapist specializing monitored. The therapy sessions would be based on a psychodynamic or psychoanalytic model. The sessions had their basis on a range of strategies, including exploratory insight, support or management activities, applied with flexibility. However, therapists should use a technique less stringent than for psychoanalysis. In order to be considered psychodynamic psychotherapy itself, was a requirement ...
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