During the last two decades, the problem of environmental deterioration has been the focus of many philosophical discussions. This deterioration could be said is closely related to the vision of nature as having only instrumental value, as a means by which humans can achieve their goals-and non-recognition of their intrinsic value (Johnston, 29).
It is clear that a solution to this problem cannot be reduced solely to actions in the field of technology, it is also necessary to have a clear and critical understanding of economic and political structures and of phenomena and social and cultural processes through which man is related to their natural environment, as well as the disciplines that serve this purpose. Disciplines such as design, for example, whose influence as a transformer's behavior, its impact on people and their cultural identity, has received very little attention (Johnston, 30).
An idea of (economic) development, must consider not only nature, but also human. It is essential; therefore, a reflection on the motivations that lead companies to exploit nature to satisfy not only their needs but also their aspirations and desires (Johnston, 30).
Sustainability is defined as meeting the present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their meets (Stang, 185).
Sustainable building refers to the structures and processes that are resource efficient and environment friendly across building's life cycle. It ranges from design, Construction, renovation, maintenance, and demolition. This practice expands to the classical building design of utility, economy, comfort, and durability. New technologies are established to complement the current practices in developing ecological structures, but the objective is to reduce the overall impact of the environment on human health and nature (Williams, 22). These objectives are:
Efficient Use of Water, Energy, and Other Resources.
Protection of the occupational features.
Reduction of pollution, waste, and environmental degradation.
A similar concept is the typical building. It is often on a smaller scale and focuses on the use of natural materials that are locally available. The concepts include the ecological architecture and sustainable design (Weber, 465).
Some of the major concepts of sustainability design and development include the following:
There is considerable debate, between agriculture and the authorities, whether the use of pesticides and soil conservation methods adequately protect the soil composition and animal life. The question is whether these methods could be considered sustainable if land reforms would enable the transition to a less efficient agricultural use of pesticides and reduced impact on ecosystems (Weber, 465).
Urban land-use planning in urban and rural areas should include sustainability as a central criterion in planning the layouts of roads, streets, buildings and other elements of human environments. Often the engineers do not take into account the natural terrain features that may cause ecological disasters such as floods, landslides, soil erosion, water stagnation and pollution. Scientific modelling methods can be used to test the project long before its execution without damaging the natural environment (Weber, 466).
Automobiles and appliances can be designed to be easily repaired or dismantled for ...